The MAP News
Aquaculture is main driver of mangrove losses
INDONESIA - Expanding aquaculture in South-East Asia over the last two decades has been the main driver of mangrove loss in the world, says a study published in PLOS One this month (June). The study, conducted by a team of scientists at Global Mangrove Watch (GMW), mapped the distribution and changes of mangrove ecosystems in the world during 1996 — 2010 using satellite imagery. The team analysed 1,168 mangrove areas in North, Central and South America, Africa, Middle East, India, and South-East Asia. Nathan Thomas, lead author of the study, found 38 per cent of mangrove areas observed in the study are affected by human activity. South-East Asia, home to 33.8 per cent of the world’s mangroves, as well as 90 per cent of the world’s aquaculture, was the worst affected region with half of its mangrove areas suffering degradation. “Mangroves are being threatened across their entire range and have suffered large losses over the past century, primarily due to increasing coastal populations and the conversion of mangroves to aquaculture. Mangroves are being threatened across their entire range and have suffered large losses over the past century, primarily due to increasing coastal populations and the conversion of mangroves to aquaculture,” says Thomas, currently a post-doctoral scholar at the California Institute of Technology Jet Propulsion Laboratory. READ MORE
Oil spill clean-up delay angers Ogoniland residents
NIGERIA - Under a leaden sky in oil-rich southern Nigeria, young men hang around with nothing to do, covering their noses from the noxious fumes of the polluted swamp. The sight in Bodo, some 40 kilometres (25 miles) southeast of Port Harcourt, is repeated in communities elsewhere in the maze of creeks that criss-cross Ogoniland. One year after the launch of a much-heralded clean-up programme, the oil slicks which blackened the waters, killed the fish and ruined the mangroves remain untouched. Locals, deprived of their livelihoods from fishing and farming, and with the billions of dollars extracted from under them channelled elsewhere, are angry and frustrated. "The progress made on the Ogoni clean-up is known only to the government," said Fegalo Nsuke, from the Movement for the Survival of the Ogoni People pressure group. "The people of Ogoni still cannot have access to safe drinking water, not to talk of electricity, basic schools and roads," he told AFP. READ MORE
What is the Future of Artisanal Fisheries in West Africa?
“They are part of the social and traditional fabric, they employ nearly seven million people, and provide 75% of the animal protein intake.” Scientists with a research focus in West Africa have developed a new standardized measurement unit that allows comparing the impacts, efficiency and value between industrial and artisanal fisheries. The new standard of measure was developed by a team of researchers from the Sea Around Us to enable them to compare the two industries by calculating how much each sector catches per kW/day. Through the study, the researchers are not only comparing sizes, but also examining the implications of artisanal fleets’ growth and their sustainability. READ MORE
An Initiative By Communities in Kilifi To Protect Mangroves
KENYA -An initiative by local communities in Kilifi County to protect mangroves from destruction has had a double blessing blending conservation and economic benefits.
In some areas, conservation groups have come up with unique ways that ensure food on the table while at the same time securing the environment for posterity. Elvis Ndundi from Majajani quit his hotel job in Lamu to join a group of young men and women venture into fish farming just adjacent to the ocean breaking the long held tradition that nature would always provide. Today Mr. Ndundi who leads a conservation team of about 20 members by the name Mtangani Conservation and Eco-Tourism does not regret the decision to leave a gainful employment to soil his hands in the mangrove forest. READ MORE
Mangrove loss threatens migratory shorebird route in North Sumatra
A new study examines the impact of agricultural expansion on an important shorebird habitat in North Sumatra
INDONESIA - A key stopover site for migratory shorebirds in western Indonesia is imperilled as the area’s mangrove forests are exponentially developed for human land use, according to research published in HAYATI Journal of Biosciences last month. The authors conducted a field observation from Oct. 2014 until Apr. 2015, a typical full migration season, on the eastern coastline of Deli Serdang district, North Sumatra province, home to at least eight habitat types for migratory shorebirds, including mangrove forests, marshes and agricultural lands. The study cited a 2001 report on Sumatra’s importance to migratory shorebird populations in the East Asian–Australasian Flyway, which helps usher dozens of bird species on their travels through 22 countries. The researchers — all from Indonesia’s prominent Bogor Agricultural University — recorded 30 species in seven different natural domains in the region, with wetlands holding the highest population of shorebirds, such as mudflat habitat with 10,687 individuals. READ MORE
Court slams Mira-Bhayander Corporation over mangrove cutting
INDIA - A bench of Justices VM Kanade and A M Badar slammed the Mira-Bhayander Municipal Corporation for the proposal to cut down mangroves for pre-monsoon clean up. The Mira Bhayander Municipal Corporation (MBMC) had approached the Bombay High Court for permission to cut the mangroves in the Mira-Bhayander area. The corporation had undertaken the activity of the pre-monsoon clean-up and claimed that the mangroves were an obstruction to clear the sludge and debris dumped in the creeks. The bench said, “The Corporation seemed to be only interested in removing mangroves so that unscrupulous builders can usurp land.” Previously, the corporation had filed an application to the court, which had given permission to “trim” mangroves, only if it was absolutely necessary, and to conduct a survey to give the exact number of mangroves which would have to be cut for the clean-up. The court also gave a timeline of one week to complete the cleaning and present the survey. Neither did the corporation complete the clean-up nor did it present the survey in a week, saying that the cutting of the mangroves is essential for the cleaning. RREAD MORE
An Ode to Mangroves on World Oceans Day
MYANMAR - World Oceans Day is a day of global ocean celebration and collaboration for a cleaner and healthier future for our oceans. This year's focus is to encourage solutions to plastic pollution and preventing litter in marine environments. One of the ocean's most threatened ecosystems are mangrove forests. The plants are recognizable by their distinctive stilt-like roots, which have adapted to grow and thrive in salty, sandy coastal intertidal zones. Mangrove forests are some of the most biologically diverse ecosystems on Earth, according to WWF. The forests provide support to a huge variety of species, from fish, to seabirds to land mammals that use the ground for hunting and protection. The idea that mangroves are home to endangered, threatened and vulnerable marine life, such as sea turtles, fish and dugongs, commonly known as "sea cows," may not be surprising. But these ecosystems also offer support to land mammals, such as the Bengal tiger. READ MORE
Why we must understand the mangroves
INDIA - Over the past decade or so, Mumbai has lost about 40% of its mangroves due to reclamation, encroachment, and garbage dumping, among other causes. But patches of this resilient plant species still exist, in the Thane and Vasai creeks, and in Mahim, Versova and Gorai. While many commuters are likely to see this unique form of plant life every day, few have a proper understanding of their ecological value to the city. One of the longest and best-preserved mangrove forests within the city are near the Godrej headquarters in Vikhroli. Last week, ahead of World Environment Day, the Godrej Culture Lab hosted a talk by wildlife photographer Anish Andheria, about how mangroves are one of the city’s major green lungs. Mr. Andheria is president of the Wildlife Conservation Trust, and a member of the Maharashtra State board of wildlife. READ MORE
New research shows protective value of mangroves for coastlines
USA - The threat to coastal regions posed by climate change, overdevelopment and other human caused stressors is well-established. Among the most prized and valuable land throughout the world, shorelines everywhere are imperiled by sea level rise, beach erosion and flooding. But a recently published NASA-funded research study in which Villanova University Biology Professor Samantha Chapman played a key role has discovered a new, natural phenomenon that could offer an economic and ecological solution to coastal wetland protection—the spread of mangrove trees. The new study, titled, "Impacts of mangrove encroachment and mosquito impoundment on coastal protection services," compares the coastal protection value of salt marshes with mangroves along Florida's East central coast and the overlying area of The Merritt Island National Wildlife Refuge (MINWR) in which NASA's Kennedy Space Center (KSC) is located. The study, published in Hydrobiologia, turned up some remarkable results in comparing the protective value of salt marshes to mangroves. Mangrove expansion was the clear winner in providing superior coastal protection over salt marshes. Mangrove habitats provide a staggering 800 per cent more coastal protection than salt marshes. In all, mangrove habitats could provide $4.9 million worth of coastal protection more than manmade barriers. READ MORE
Bahamian students monitor diseases in local mangroves
BAHAMAS - Students enrolled in the Bahamas Awareness of Mangroves (BAM) program launched an environmental monitoring program and a new partnership with North Carolina State University to study diseases in Bahamian mangrove trees. The BAM program, spearheaded by the Khaled bin Sultan Living Oceans Foundation and partners at FRIENDS of the Environment, combines science education with mangrove restoration. Amy Heemsoth, director of education for the Khaled bin Sultan Living Oceans Foundation said, “This is the second year we have run the BAM program, and the students have grown in their understanding of mangroves, as well as their enthusiasm to conserve them.” Students enrolled in BAM venture into the mangrove forest to learn about the plants and animals that live there. They also collect mangrove seedlings which they raise under test conditions throughout the school year, before returning to plant them in restoration sites. READ MORE
Dear Mangrove Action Project
I am a teacher at a small homeschool co-op in Austin, Texas, called the Austin Rising School. My class of nine and ten-year olds, the Sequoia's, just completed an ecology unit in which we learned all about coral reefs, mangrove forests and their symbiotic relationships.
We became very inspired when we learned about the late Dr. Gordon Sato and the community at Eritrea, right about the time he departed this world.
Finally, after reading a National Geographic article entitled " To Save Coral Reefs, First Save the Mangroves," my class became very excited about the possibility of doing their part to help.
Immediately, their brains were formulating creative ideas for fundraisers. As a result, we created a gorgeous mangrove tree collage (the size of six poster boards) that became the background for an informative video we made.
On the last day of classes, we showed our school, including parents and grandparents, our video and held a very successful fundraiser.
Trees donated by a local organization, plants we grew, cookies and lemonade we made and homemade bracelets were all sold in order to raise money for your organization.
Our small community was very generous and we were able to raise $300. we would like to donate this money in honor of the great Dr. Gordon Sato.
Austin Rising School
8205 Landsman Drive
Austin, Texas, USA 78736-3141
Calling schools, teachers and students!
Mangrove Action Project
Thursday, June 22, 2017
Posted by BlogAdmin at 10:59 PM
Thursday, June 8, 2017
The MAP News
MAP’s Summary Report for CEMBR Training available on-line
MYANMAR: The summary report for the Community Based Ecological Mangrove Restoration (CBEMR) training which MAP carried out in Sittwe, Rakhine State, Myanmar in Jan. 2017 has been released. The 5 day training workshop was followed by 7 days of hands-on field training for a smaller group of participants creating three CBEMR demonstration sites. The training and demonstration sites were carried for the French NGO, ACTED, and was funded by USAID and Synchronicity Earth of the UK. Besides the normal land tenure complications to locating demonstration sites we discovered firewood collection and free grazing livestock are the greatest barriers to natural mangrove regeneration in the area surrounding Sittwe and as a result restoration sites required fencing and strong community commitment to maintain them. On behalf of co-trainer, Dominic Wodehouse and myself, I would like to thank our Myanmar presenters, facilitators and translators, U Toe Aung from the Forest Department, U Win_Sein_Naing of the Mangrove Service Network (MSN), U San Win, from the Forest Dept and PhD candidate at King Mongkut University, Bangkok, U Win Muang of Worldview Int. Foundation, and U Thein Haing from the Community Empowerment and Resilience Association (CERA). Also a special thanks to all the ACTED staff for their logistics support. All together they contributed to a very successful CBEMR training. READ MORE
Gambian wildlife reserve facing depletion, Chinese company blamed
GAMBIA - Gambia’s first Community Wildlife Reserve in the village of Gunjur, 35 kilometers from Banjul is facing depletion as its stream has turned red and wildlife found dead. Villagers from the community were shocked by the discovery last week and suspected a nearby Chinese fish processing company, Golden Lead Factory of poisoning the reserve, Dutch wildlife conservation organisation Green Wall Warriors announced. “The locals think it might be a toxic which is used in the factory. While fearing for their health, the local environmentalists managed to fill a plastic bottle as a sample for research. With tears in their eyes they shot some pictures and went back home,” they added with pictures showing the damage. The result of the sample is not yet available to determine the actual cause of the red water and dead wildlife. The same company is also accused of disposing off suspected toxic waste into the sea via pipes, resulting in the washing ashore of dead fish along the coastline. READ MORE
Will Chinese fishing destroy the Gambia’s tourism?
GAMBIA - When you think about the Gambia, you will probably think about the famous smiling coast with its beautiful tropical beaches. Well forget that, that was the old Gambia. A better name nowadays would be ‘The Smelling Coast’ since the construction of two Chinese fish processing plants in Gunjur and Kartong. A thirth one is to be expected in Abéné (Senegal).Last year the Chinese built two fish processing plants in Gunjur and eco-village Kartong. The processing plant in Kartong is as large as a football field to give you any idea about the scale. The name is Golden Lead import and export company. This Factory is run by two Chinese persons Robin & Jojo. Could u ever imagine a huge factory like this being deployed in an offcial eco-village? Well, it really happened. Since the Chinese processing plants are built a new pipeline had been put into the ocean so the factory can get rid of their wastewater easily. Since this pipe has been build every day thousands of dead fish wash up the beaches of Kartong and Gunjur. It is not surprising that thousands of people living in Kartong and Gunjur fear for their own health when you see the amounts of dead fish washing up shore. According to locals, “Bolongfehyoto wildlife reserve where the wastewater was initially pumped, was contaminated resulting in dying of fish and mangroves”. READ MORE
Request for Emergency relief program for Bangladesh Super cyclone (MORA) victims
BANGLADESH - A severe cyclone hit the coast of Bangladesh Tuesday, 30 May. Winds of up to 120 - 146 kph hit areas around Cox's Bazar and Chittagong. The cyclone and subsequent storm surge has displaced up to half a million people from low lying areas along the coast and on near-by islands. Government sources confirmed 9 deaths on Tuesday, 30 May but unofficial sources claim the number will be higher. However, it seems the loss of lives has been much less than was anticipated. Unofficial reports available indicate that almost all kutcha houses in the affected areas have been destroyed leaving large numbers of people homeless. Extensive damage has also been caused to schools, roads, standing crops, livestock, industry, business establishments, salt beds, shrimp culture, roads, telecommunications and electrical supply networks. APCD, reported that an estimated 48,400 people had sought refuge at their 45 cyclone shelters in the Cox's Bazar district and will remain there until alternative shelter arrangements are completed. Reports reaching Dhaka from various sources indicate the affected people are in immediate need of food, shelter, drinking water and clothing. Hundreds of thousands of people are living in the open or in makeshift shelters. Rescue operations are continuing and emergency relief work is being undertaken by the government and NGOs. READ MORE
Coastal Livelihood And Environmental Assets Restoration In Rakhine (CLEARR)
MYANMAR - The purpose of the CLEARR project is to increase food and livelihood security in the coastal communities through agricultural and livelihood supports, mangrove areas rehabilitation and management. The project is implemented by the MERN network which includes 6 local partners: Border Areas Development Association (BDA), Biodiversity and Nature Conservation Association (BANCA), Ecosystem Conservation and Community Development Initiative (ECCDI), Economically Progressive Ecosystem Development (EcoDev), Swanyee Development Foundation (SDF) and Rakhine Coastal Region Conservation Association (RCA). The main results include: 5300 acres of mangrove forests as community forest with sole use by the villagers; Creation of two biodiversity hotspots for the conservation of the critically endangered species Bruguiera hainesii and endangered sea turtles; Establishment of Village Conservation Communities (VCCs); Managing a Revolving Fund system that provides loans at low interest READ MORE
Marvellous Mangroves Ten Years in Brazil
BRAZIL - It has been over ten years since work started to translate and adapt Marvellous Mangroves for use in Brazilian schools by MAP’s partners, Instituto BiomaBrasil (IBB). In April, 2006, the process began when IBB’s Clemente Coelho Jnr. and Renato Almeida observed and participated in a MM workshop held in Tilapa on the Northwest coast of Guatemala. Organised in conjunction with the local NGO Amigos Del Bosque and CORALINA - based in San Andres, Colombia, - Tilapa was the launch for teachers of the Guatemala(Spanish) version of MM. It was only six months later that MAP Education Director Martin Keeley and Elaine Corets (then South American co-ordinator for MAP) rejoined Clemente and Renato together with several teachers and scientists in Cariacica, southeast Brazil, and started work on adapting and translating MM into Portuguese for use in Brazilian schools. READ MORE
Brazilian mangroves threatened by shift in local traditions
BRAZIL - In the village of Tramataia, Brazil crab-pickers, or caranguejeiros, walk to the shoreline at night with an offering of tobacco to Father Mangrove. They ask for a bountiful hunt and seek permission to enter the mangroves safely. Father Mangrove is a revered man of great stature who smokes a pipe and carries a “sambura,” a handmade basket to fill with fish. Caranguejeiros who disrespect the spirit by using harsh words or harming mangroves consequentially suffer animal attacks, damaged canoes, unlucky hunts, or total disorientation – they can’t find their way home in the nearly-impenetrable mangrove forest. Brazil lays claim to 8.5 percent of the world’s mangroves, spanning from Amapá in the north to Santa Catarina in the south and covering approximately 13,000 square kilometers. It is the second largest area of mangrove forests on the planet. Native communities here rely on these mangroves for food, building materials, and medicines. For example, most families in the village of Tramataia (population 1,100) in Paraíba State rely on large mangrove crabs (Ucides cordatus) for subsistence and also as their main source of income. Men traditionally harvest crabs, while women dissect the meat. But markets are changing, and crabbing communities in Paraiba State are not immune to the globalization of trade. READ MORE
Launch global call to protect the mangroves
USA - The Organization of United Nations (UN) launched during the International Week of the Forest-a global call to protect the mangroves, which disappear at an “alarming rate” of one percent each year, according to environmentalists. In the framework of the celebration, various environmental organizations reported that 67 percent of the mangrove forests have been destroyed to date, which is conjugated with the threats emanating from climate change, so he called to reverse the situation. The organizations stressed the importance of these ecosystems to protect coastal communities from waves, violent storms and even tsunamis. In the Fourth World Summit of the Ocean, held between the 22 and the 24 of February in Bali (Indonesia) organized by The Economist, the World wide Fund for Nature, Conservation International and the nature conservancy teamed up to announce the Global Alliance of Mangroves. READ MORE
Greetings from MANGROPEDIA, a multi-lingual, open-sourced, free and online based encyclopedia on mangroves!
We are inviting write-ups from all ecologists, conservation activists, experts, literateurs and journalists for the first issue of MANGROPEDIA Quarterly Magazine. All write-ups should be minimum 500 words and maximum around 2,500 words. The topics are but not limited to:
Literature: mangrove related poetry, rhyme, story, myth, legend, novel etc.
Articles on research, study reports, culture, socio-economic condition, plantation, conservation etc.
Review of and Reaction to book, article, novel, research paper, study report etc.
Travelogue of visiting any mangrove forest
Places: description of mangrove forest, tourist Spots, sanctuaries, rivers, creeks and wetlands
Species: description of plants, birds, animals, fishes and small creatures
Biography of mangrove related scholars (notable ecologists, botanists, journalists, activists etc.)
Organization: Description or criticism of any organization or projects working on Mangroves
Coastal Livelihood and Environmental Action Network (CLEAN) has been facilitating MANGROPEDIA since 2015. Although it is yet to be finalized, you may visit Mangropedia Website, Facebook page or Twitter for details.
Besides the online knowledge platform, we have taken an initiative to publish quarterly Bilingual (Bengali and English) magazine with the same name (MANGROPEDIA). The size of the magazine will be Demy Octavo (8.5" X 5.5") with photo, graphics and texts. The first issue (July - September 2017) will be published on International Day for the Conservation of Mangrove Ecosystems (26 July 2017).
Please submit your write-up to firstname.lastname@example.org on or before 17 June 2017, Friday, 5:00 PM Bangladesh time (UST+6:00).
We are also welcoming conservation organizations to be a partner of this initiative. If you are interested, please mail to: email@example.com.
Calling schools, teachers and students!
Mangrove Action Project
Posted by BlogAdmin at 8:32 PM