Friday, July 13, 2018

Ban Nai Nang Apiculture Training Workshop


By Kate Knight Office Development & Field Project Assistant (Intern)
On July 1st 2018, Mangrove Action Project and Nai Nang Apiculture Group hosted a “How to do” beekeeping training workshop for new communities interested in this supplementary livelihood. There was a total of 32 participant trainees who came from 3 different villages that MAP currently has a mangrove restoration project in: 12 people from Bang Kang Khao village, Sikao District, Trang; 4 people from Thung Yor village, Klong Thom District, Krabi; and 16 people from Kong Lu village, Muang District, Krabi. The workshop provided a great opportunity for Nai Nang trainers to disseminate some of their valuable knowledge and for other villages to learn about how the group has become so successful with their apiculture enterprise, with the hope of being able to replicate it in their own village. This livelihood training workshop was kindly funded by the LUSH Charity Pot, the corporate social responsibility arm of the Lush Fresh Handmade Cosmetic company.


Community to community apiculture training gets underway

The day started with a welcome speech and introduction from Mr Arlee, the secretary of the Nai Nang Apiculture group, the hosts and trainers.  Ning, MAP Thailand’s field officer, then gave a brief talk about the work MAP has done in Nai Nang and the background to the workshop, followed by a brief discussion of how the Nai Nang group was formed given by the president, Mr. Sutee Pankwan.  Nai Nang village was originally a part of a larger conservation group with the neighboring villages called the Khloa Kan Conservation Group, who were responsible for the mangrove forests, peat forest lands and coastal ecosystems in the district. There were many frustrations for the conservation group, such as no budget to carry out large projects but also the time needed to rehabilitate the forest meaning a long wait before the community were able to make a livelihood from the forest. Therefore, Nai Nang decided to start a local enterprise raising bees in order to provide themselves with a supplemental income while at the same time still supporting their important mangrove conservation work.


Trainees, both male and female, were keen listeners & students.

The Nai Nung Apiculture group gave a very professional detailed, interesting and fun workshop on the many steps to successful bee keeping. Firstly, they explained how they construct the beehive boxes out of recycled wood removed from old abandoned boats. There was then the opportunity for the participants to get hands-on and construct their own boxes using some wood and tools supplied by Nai Nang. “Learning by doing” was lots of fun for all the trainees while the trainers provide useful tips based on their experience. After the successful construction exercise, everyone set off to the nearby rubber tree plantation on the edge of a mangrove forest which is the site where it is possible to set-out the boxes so wild bees (apis cerana) can take-up free residency and establish a productive colony. Here we were given another demonstration about how to set up the new bee box and make it an attractive home by rubbing bees wax on the inside and then transport them to the permanent bee yard.

After lunch the a step-by-step demonstration continued with participants being shown how to collect the honeycomb from the active beehive, without getting stung, which is a real skill so everyone paid very close attention. Throughout the workshop, the participants were keen listeners and had many interesting questions for the group. The highlight of the workshop for many trainees was the demonstration of extracting the honey, filtering it, and finally getting a chance to taste the fresh golden liquid.  The profitable honey represented the sweet taste of a successful partnership between the hardworking bee colony and Nai Nang Apiculture group which provides the safe, dry, rent free homes and protecting their mangrove as a source of nectar for the bees.


Materials and tools needed for constructing beehive boxes


Demonstration showing how to extract and filter the honey

One of the main points made during the workshop was the importance of mangrove conservation for bee raising. It was stressed how the two projects go hand in hand and it is not possible to raise bees without also working on mangrove conservation. Bees must have enough food sources within five kilometers of the bee hive for them to produce honey so ensuring a healthy forest is a precursor for apiculture.

Just before lunch everyone was treated to a short drive to view the mangrove forests in Nai Nang and MAP’s original Community Based Ecological Mangrove Restoration site. This was a particularly interesting part of the day where each village shared their own experiences with mangrove conservation and discussed the differences between the mangrove sites in Nai Nang and the ones in their own village. Many great stories and advice was shared between the Nai Nang Group and other villagers, and everyone took something new away with them.


Discussion between communities on mangrove conservation & restoration

The workshop ended with each village coming together to discuss what they had learnt during the workshop. Using flipcharts each village created a quick strategy of what they would do next when they returned to their village in order to start raising bees. These were then shared with the group and then opened up to members of the Nai Nang Apiculture Group for comments and suggestions. It was clear how much each participant had learned from the workshop with the amount of detail that had gone into the plans. It was particularly good to see that each strategy started with improving the health of the mangrove forests and ensuring plentiful food sources for bees as this was one thing that was continually stressed throughout the workshop.


Ban Klong Kum community presented their apiculture plans

Thursday, July 5, 2018

MAP News Issue 446, July 7, 2018

Mangrove Action Project
The MAP News
446th Edition                                                     July 7, 2018

FEATURE
Mangrove Heroes - Peace through conservation
Sri-Lankan-Mother-Daughter
SRI LANKA : After decades of civil war and struggles between Muslims, Buddhists, Tamils and Singhalese, Sril Lanka is finding healing and reconciliation through the restoration and conservation of mangroves. Sri Lanka NGO Sudeesa and US NGO Seacology have teamed to create a working model based on education, business application and replanting to restore the environment and the social fabric of Sri Lanka. Sudeesa Chairman Anuradha Wickramasinghe explains “I realized that to keep the childrens lives about the environment, the most important person is the mother.” Using educational programs designed to teach women about the importance of mangroves, and to help them achieve a level of sustenance without cutting them, the group has created a series of workshops combined with small business loans to teach the women about about conservation and business, in hopes of protecting the environment. One unexpected benefit has been peaceful cooperation between past enemies. “Sri Lanka society has a very great ethnic diversity,” says Wickramasinghe, “ but when we go to work to conserve the mangroves, no one is concerned about ethnic diversity, they are all concerned about bio-diversity.” WATCH VIDEO

AFRICA

Congo adopts a strategy that will bolster community forestry
Congo Forestry Management
DRC - The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) has put a new community forest strategy in place, a move that proponents say could help provide Congolese with the chance to have a say in the management of the country’s forests. The DRC environment minister, Amy Ambatobe, announced the acceptance of the plan on May 31. “It’s really the first clear restatement of commitment to community forestry that the DRC government has made since it passed into law in 2014,” Simon Counsell, executive director of Rainforest Foundation UK, said in an interview. “Formal community forestry is a very new concept in DRC, so there are not even any local experiences yet to learn from, even if much of the forest has been under de facto community control and ‘informal’ management for hundreds of years,” Counsell said. Stemming from that need, international organizations like Rainforest UK have worked with government agencies, local NGOs and community groups over the past several years to come up with this plan. The goal is to start with a handful of “pilot concessions” and use those experiences to pinpoint any deficiencies in the process over the next five years. READ MORE

Africa's oldest trees are dying, and scientists are stumped
Baobab Tree
SOUTH AFRICA - In South Africa’s Limpopo province, a baobab tree once grew so large and stood so strong that its human neighbors decided to do the obvious: They built a pub inside the living tree’s thousand-year-old hollow trunk, which measured more than 150 feet around and enclosed two interconnected cavities. For two decades, the Sunland baobab attracted tourists wanting to knock back a pint in a tree. But in August 2016, one of the monster stems forming the interior wall cracked and collapsed. Eight months later, another huge chunk toppled over, and now, five of the giant Sunland stems have collapsed and died, leaving only half of the tree standing. Though the Sunland tree’s demise could sound like a consequence of human visitation, it’s part of an alarming trend: A startlingly high percentage of the oldest, largest baobabs in Africa have died within the last 12 years, scientists report today in the journal Nature Plants. READ MORE

ASIA

MAP Thailand hosts Environmental Education at Ban Tha-Sanook, Thailand
MAP workshop
THAILAND - On the 21st of June Mr. Udomsak Pariwatpan (Em), MAP-Thailand’s Field Officer, and myself the new MAP Intern travelled to Phang Nga and Krabi Provinces for a jam packed two days of meetings and environmental education (EE). Being relatively new to MAP, when I was told I would be spending a few days out in the field I was really excited to see some of the on the ground work that the organisation does here in Thailand. The focus of the trip was primarily on carrying out environmental education for school aged children, funded by the LUSH Charity Pot, but also included meeting with the principle and village chief about using the school as a one of two plastic free model schools in Thailand and visiting MAP’s other project sites. The environmental education class consisted of 21 students, aged 14, from a primary school in Ban Tha-Sanook, Phang Nga Province. READ MORE

Mangrove group wins National ENERGY GLOBE Award Bangladesh 2018
BEDS bangladesh
BANGLADESH - The Sundarbans coastal region is a disaster prone area and it forms the front line of Global Climate Change; therefore, the coastal people lose their source of drinking water, crops, livestock and farming land due to the negative impact of climate change. Access to clean and safe drinking water is the biggest challenge these communities get to experience each day making them entirely dependent on ponds and rain water for drinking. The solution is to build an Eco Village to help protect the single largest mangrove forest in the world. Bangladesh Environment and Development Society have established a stable Eco Village as a model for sustainable development to improve sustainable management and operational capacity for Eco-Villagers. The project is divided into three components that aim to improve the water system and mangroves through the distribution of energy efficient stoves, solar technology and planting mangroves saplings. READ MORE

Various solutions to sea level rise in Vietnam
 vna_Various_solutions_to_sea_level_rise_in_Vietnam
VIETNAM - A series of solutions to adapting to sea level rise caused by climate change have been taken in Vietnam, as the phenomenon is posing grave challenges to the ecosystem, biodiversity and natural resources as well as human life. Many researches have affirmed that the sea level is rising in the century with the main cause of climate change. With over 3,260 kilometers of coastline stretching from the north to the south, and about 50 percent of the population living in lowland areas, Vietnam is considered one of the most vulnerable and being negatively impacted by sea level rise. It can be seen that consequences of climate change and sea level rise for Vietnam are serious, including a visible risk for poverty reduction targets, and negative impacts on the realization of millennium and sustainable development goals. READ MORE

AMERICAS

How mangroves help keep the planet cool
Carbon planet
USA - Coastal scientists have developed a new global framework to more accurately assess how mangroves along different types of coastlines from deltas to lagoons store carbon in their soil. They found that previous studies have underestimated the blue carbon levels in mangroves by up to 50 percent in some regions and overestimated levels by up to 86 percent in others. Their study published recently in Nature Climate Change will help countries develop and evaluate their carbon footprint and blue carbon inventory that potentially can be used in the global marketplace. "We took a huge step further by testing a robust model that more clearly defines the global variation of carbon storage of coastlines taking into account different tides, river flow, geology and rainfall that occurs around the world," said co-author Robert Twilley, who is Louisiana State University (LSU) Department of Oceanography & Coastal Sciences professor in the LSU College of the Coast & Environment and the executive director of the Louisiana Sea Grant College Program. READ MORE

Recognize Excellence in EE Through an NAAEE Award Nomination!
naaee_award
USA - Do you know of an individual or organization that has accomplished great things in environmental education? You probably do! You probably know multiple people or organizations. This is your chance to recognize the wonderful work of incredibly hardworking individuals and organizations for the benefit of the environment. Please consider nominating an organization for the Outstanding NAAEE Affiliate Award or the Outstanding Service by an Organization Award. Or, you can recognize remarkable individuals who have done great things in EE with these varied award options READ MORE

Editor’s note - We celebrate the recovery of corals in Belize but stress that our efforts must not end here in the defense of these critical habitats. Coral reefs are still perilously close to collapse worldwide. 
The Belize Barrier Reef no longer ‘in danger’
world_wildlife_fund_launches_global_conservation_campaign
BELIZE - Belizeans and environmentalists worldwide are celebrating today at UNESCO’s announcement that the Belize Barrier Reef has been removed from their In Danger list. The site had been added on to the In Danger list for almost a decade ago due to the threat of irreversible damage from coastal construction and oil exploration. Seismic testing for oil was permitted just 10km from the site. Public outcry from Belizeans followed. Local efforts were supported by a collation that included WWF, Oceana, and the Belize Tourism Industry Association. Over the last 18 months, Belize’s government has put in place protections to secure the Belize Barrier Reef from immediate threats.READ MORE

Public support needed for mangroves
Cayman mangroves
CAYMAN ISLANDS - The Department of Environment is continuing its battle to conserve what is left of the Cayman Islands’ natural resources and is turning its attention to mangroves. Despite the challenges the DoE faces with a minister who openly admitted in Finance Committee this week that he does not profess “to be a conservationist” and has previously signaled his dislike of the National Conservation Law, the department is still trying to do its part, using that legislation while it is still in effect, to protect important habitat. But it needs public support for its efforts to persuade Cabinet to accept a species plan to preserve the mangroves. Even though mangroves offer protection from storm surge during hurricanes and flooding and their fundamental importance to marine diversity is well documented, Cayman has had a poor track record protecting them. The mangrove buffers in the development plan have often been ignored and the Central Planning Authority has consistently given developers approval to rip out mangroves, even for projects that never materialized. READ MORE

Uncontrolled invasion of the mangrove area in Progreso, Yucatan
Yucatan
MEXICO - The problem of the Progreso mangrove zone in Yucatan enters a new chapter, since people who previously lived in this place and who were relocated to one of the communities south of the port, leased the property where they had been relocated to someone else, and returned to live to the mangrove area, which has caused the municipality to file three complaints on these irregular events. According to the coordinator of the Department of Ecology, Edilberto Quezada Dominguez, years ago, federal, state and municipal authorities made an effort to relocate several families that had invaded the swamp near Fraccionamiento Flamboyanes; however, some time later, many of those citizens that were benefited with housing in the area, once again invaded the mangrove zone. Because of the above, the Department of Ecology raised three formal complaints against the invaders, who live in deplorable and unhealthy conditions, so it was also noted that the authorities are pending to act immediately and evict these people off the area. READ MORE

LAST WORD

Mangrove Action Day is July 26, 2018
photography contest
GLOBAL - As part of this years Mangrove Action Day we are raising awareness of the connections people have with mangrove forests by creating a global photography exhibition. Throughout the month of July, we have asked for and received incredible photos from around the world. We invite you to send us your best photos for a chance to be part of a special exhibition that will help spread the importance of mangroves. Special prizes this year for our three chosen winners. Scroll down to get inspired by some mangrove themes and find out other ways in which you can get involved! WAYS YOU CAN ACT READ MORE

 
 
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Action Alerts

Mangrove Action Day is July 26
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Enter our photo contest READ MORE

Recognize Excellence in EE Through an NAAEE Award Nomination DEADLINE AUG 3 READ MORE


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ACTION ALERTS

Sign on: letter to the Chief Minister of Sabah, Malaysia - To stop the destruction of communities’ mangrove area in Pitas and support indigenous communities to protect and conserve the last remaining 1000 acres of their forest - SIGN HERE

President Abdulla Yameen: Stop Destruction of Kulhudhuffushi Mangroves! CLICK HERE




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MANGROVE ISSUES 

Want to learn more about mangroves?mangrove-action-project-presentation-1-1024.jpg?cb=1424228039
Our short presentation will give you a better understanding of the issues we are working to solve. WATCH PRESENTATION

What is CBEMR? Easy to follow fact sheet – CLICK HERE

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MANGROVES APP AVAILABLE
A pictorial field guide for easy identification of various mangrove species and learning about the mangroves ecosystem. CLICK HERE
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Peek into the underwater world of mangroves, "womb of the sea." By Liz Cunningham Photos By Wes Matweyew and Liz Cunningham

The Value of Mangrove Forests View Video

CBEMR Experience Exchange MAP 2017 English Subtitles
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Mangroves: Guidebook to Malaysia – Click Here
 
Mangrove rehabilitation in Asia – Local Action and cross-border Transfer of Knowledge for the Conservation of Climate, Forests and Biodiversity VIEW VIDEOS HERE
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CLICK HERE to watch short introductory video. Together we can work "at the roots of the sea".
Our short documentary, Reducing the Risk of Disaster through Nature-Based Solutions : Mangroves
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Exclusive Interview with Alfredo Quarto, Co-Founder and Executive Director of Mangrove Action Project - See more
 

Marvellous Mangroves Curriculum

The Marvellous Mangroves Education Forum is an online hub for those utilizing the Marvellous Mangroves (MM) Curriculum. It gives students, teachers and anyone interested in mangroves, the opportunity to learn and share ideas themed around the curriculum, to connect and communicate with others around the globe whilst exploring mangroves from your computer or on the go. VISIT

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The award-winning Marvellous Mangroves (MM) curriculum educates children on the importance of mangroves and their ecological functions, teaching them about modern challenges and mechanisms for sustainability. VIEW VIDEO


Marvellous-Mangroves-Myths-and-Legends-Promo
MAP Education Director Martin Keeley’s most recent book is Marvellous Mangroves: Myths and Legends, a compilation of stories from “Mangrove Peoples”—those who live on shorelines where mangroves thrive—from around the world. READ MORE

Marvellous Mangroves Curriculum in Bangladesh - WATCH VIDEO
MARVELLOUS MANGROVES IN BRAZIL
En Portuges

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Marvellous Mangroves – A Curriculum-Based Teachers Guide.


FOR MORE ON MAPs AWARD WINNING CHINA MANGROVE CURRICULUM VISIT
Education in the Mangroves - China
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Check out our presentation for more details on Marvellous Mangroves

Read this 10 page history of the development of MAP’s educational curriculum VIEW DOCUMENT
 
Article in Canada's Green Teacher Magazine - Read More

FREE MAP Mangrove e-cards CLICK HERE
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MAP’s e-Cards offer you a unique way to spread the word about MAP’s good works, while sharing beautiful photographs of the mangroves

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It’s the action, not the fruit of the action, that's important. You have to do the right thing. It may not be in your power, may not be in your time, that there'll be any fruit. But that doesn't mean you stop doing the right thing. You may never know what results come from your action. But if you do nothing, there will be no result. —Mahatma Gandhi

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"Question Your Shrimp" Campaign

Question Your Shrimp- Don't Buy or Sell Imported Tropical Shrimp! Sign the Petition

Learn more about the affects of the shrimp industry on mangroves by visiting our blog
Editor’s Note: Mangrove Action Project’s Executive Director, Alfredo Quarto was interviewed about shrimp by Green Acre Radio’s Martha Baskin
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Information sheds clear light on shrimp-mangrove connection
Question Your Shrimp
SEE DETAILS MANGROVE/SHRIMP

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Monday, June 25, 2018

MAP Thailand hosts Environmental Education at Ban Tha-Sanook, Thailand


Kate Knight Office Development & Field Project Assistant (Intern)

On the 21st of June Mr. Udomsak Pariwatpan (Em), MAP-Thailand’s Field Officer, and myself the new MAP Intern travelled to Phang Nga and Krabi Provinces for a jam packed two days of meetings and environmental education (EE).  Being relatively new to MAP, when I was told I would be spending a few days out in the field I was really excited to see some of the on the ground work that the organisation does here in Thailand. The focus of the trip was primarily on carrying out environmental education for school aged children, funded by the LUSH Charity Pot, but also included meeting with the principle and village chief about using the school as a one of two plastic free model schools in Thailand and visiting MAP’s other project sites. 

 

Students from Ban Tha-Sanook School visiting the MAP learning centre

The environmental education class consisted of 21 students, aged 14, from a primary school in Ban Tha-Sanook, Phang Nga Province. The weather was scorching 35 degrees so we held the class at the boardwalk and mangrove learning center nearby the school. The location of the sala on a small pond and surrounded by a range of different mangrove species created the perfect learning space. The class started with Em introducing the topic and playing a few educational games with MAP bags and shirts for prizes. The students were then split into small groups and given a species of mangrove. Their task was to identify the species from the boardwalk, collect data and info on it and then create colorful and informative posters about each species. At the end students presented what they had found to the rest of the class. It was heartwarming to see the students putting in a hundred percent effort and subsequently really enjoying the task and leaving with a great sense of pride in the work they had done.

 

Students receiving prizes and presenting to the class about different mangrove species

While at Ban Tha-Sanook, we also visited the local primary school and Em held talks with the principle and local head of the village to discuss measures to reducing plastic use at the school. Ironically, we had visited on a day when the whole school had gathered to celebrate “Wai Kruu” – a traditional Thai ceremony for the students to celebrate and give thanks to teachers. This highlighted to us just how much plastic the school really goes through, it was like the perfect showcase of how big the problem with single use plastic is. There were food stalls with almost each item being individually wrapped in plastic, plastic drink cups, an abundance of plastic straws and disposable cutlery.  It was difficult to determine if it was an attitude problem, due to the convenience or if students and teachers lacked the education and knowledge about the extent of the impact that single use plastic was having on the environment. However, gaging from these first talks, the school was understanding in the need to reduce plastic use and were keen to discuss different strategies to reduce the amount of plastic in the hope of becoming a completely plastic free school in the future. The next step now, is to create a baseline study to determine exactly how much plastic is being used, what areas of school it is being used the most and why. This will enable us to come up with some targeted strategies to reducing plastic.


Teachers and students celebrating “Wai Kruu”….plastic everywhere.

As part of the field trip we also utilised the time to visit other nearby project sites including the Nai Nang Apiculture Group. Here Em discussed an upcoming event with the apiculture group to disseminate their knowledge and experience of beekeeping to other villages. Due to the success of the group, Nai Nang now acts as an apiculture and mangrove conservation model for other villages.  On the 31st of June MAP and the Nai Nang Apiculture group will be hosting five other villages to give training about beekeeping; Ban Thale Nok, Rayong; Ban Tha Sanook, Phang Nga; Thung Yor, Krabi; Bang Kang Khao, Trang; and Khlong Kam, Krabi.

On the whole, this trip was a great success, really enjoyable and personally, was nice to finally feel immersed in the work that MAP carries out. The highlight for me was the EE classes with the school students but also having the opportunity to visit previous sites that MAP has worked in and some of the many mangrove forests spread across the two provinces. In between the formal meetings and EE classes, I was able to visit one of the Community Based Ecological Mangrove Restoration (CBEMR) sites in Ban Tha-Sanook. In the space of three years since the original work was done, new mangrove trees are clearly visible with some already reaching over ten feet high. To be able to witness the impact of MAP’s work was really inspiring and given me a new sense of what is achievable when working with like-minded and passionate people. In Krabi, Em gave me a tour of the Department of Marine and Coastal Resources’ (DMCR) boardwalk which runs about 400 meters through a mangrove forest. Em also helped me to identify my favourite species - Xylocarpus granatum – which has a beautiful scale-like bark!


MAP CBEMR site in Ban Tha-Sanook and Myself on the DMCR mangrove boardwalk, Krabi

Thursday, June 21, 2018

MAP News Issue 445 - June 23, 2018

Mangrove Action Project
The MAP News
445th Edition                                                     June 23, 2018

FEATURE
Children promote the importance of mangroves
Childrens Calendar contest
MEXICO - In order to draw attention to the importance of mangroves in Sisal, due to its great ecological wealth, in recent days the painting contest "The importance of mangrove forests in my community" was held, whose winners will participate in a contest in the United States. "Through this contest we seek to raise awareness that we must avoid contamination of the mangroves with garbage, sewage, etc., and also prevent them from being cut down and destroyed," said Luis Maldonado López, of Cinvestav, one of the organizers. Prior to the contest, a workshop on garbage and the studies they do with drone assistance was given in schools in the port. Emphasis was placed on the environmental services provided by the mangrove forest to the community. The local contest served to select those who are now participating in the international event in the USA. The works that are awarded in the international competition, said López, will be published in a calendar that will be printed by the environmental organization Mangrove Action Project (MAP). READ MORE
 
AFRICA

CBEMR : re-establishing a more biodiverse and resilient coastal ecosystem with community participation
CBEMR-Africa
WEST AFRICA - Seeking the most effective path towards long-term mangrove conservation and recovery, Mangrove Action Project (MAP) promotes the concept and practice of Community-based Ecological Mangrove Restoration (CBEMR). This holistic approach to mangrove restoration views the proposed plant and animal communities to be restored as part of a larger ecosystem, connected with other ecological communities that also have functions to be protected or restored. Mangrove forests can self-repair, or successfully undergo secondary succession, if the normal tidal hydrology is restored and if there is a ready source of mangrove seedlings or propagules from nearby stands that are accessible to reseed an area. CBEMR focuses on re-establishing the hydrology, which will facilitate this natural regeneration process. CBEMR also engages local communities in the restoration process, empowering them to be stewards of their environment, and enabling them to regain the livelihoods ruined when the mangroves were destroyed. MAP is planning CBEMR training workshops in both East and West Africa, working with field-based NGOs such as Wetlands International Africa in Senegal and Guinea Bissau. READ MORE

Creating a forest landscape restoration movement in Africa: a call to heal planet Earth
Heal Earth
GHANA - This edition of Nature & Faune journal explores the science and innovations (technical, social and policy) that can support the achievement of the African dream of restoring 100 million hectares of its degraded land. Articles in this edition share experiences on challenges, opportunities and successful restoration, including farmer managed natural regeneration, improved management of smallholder woodlots, reforestation, evergreen agriculture with intercropped trees, and associated sustainable land management practices such as water harvesting and erosion control. Africa’s Great Green Wall is presented in this edition as a transformative model for rural communities’ sustainable development. In particular the lessons learned from the “Action Against Desertification” programme funded by the European Union and implemented by FAO with partner countries and organizations, are discussed, paving a way towards the implementation of African Forest Landscape Restoration Initiative. READ MORE 
 
ASIA
 
MAP-Thailand hosts field study trip from Gudandong Ocean University, China
MAP workshop
THAILAND - In May of 2018, Mangrove Action Project (MAP) Thailand had the opportunity to host a week-long study tour on coastal management for four professors from the Agricultural College at Gudandong Ocean University, Zhanjiang City, Guandong Province, China. We were also very pleased to be joined by Leo Thom, MAP’s Creative Director who is based in the UK. The focus of the trip was on MAP’s Community Based Ecological Restoration (CBEMR) sites on the Andaman coast of southern Thailand an area which was hit by Indian Ocean Tsunami of 26 December 2014. The field study trip took place in many Community Based Ecological Mangrove Restoration (CBEMR) sites such as Bang Khang Khao in Trang province, Klong Lu, Koh Klang and Nai Nang site as well as the Nai Nang Apiculture group in Krabi province. READ MORE

Eco Village: An adaptation strategy to conserve Mangroves Ecosystem
Bangladeshi Group
Bangladesh Environment and Development Society and Korea Green Foundation have taken a grass-roots initiative to build an Eco Village in Banishanta Union of Dacope Upazila under Khulna district in Bangladesh since 2015. The Eco village project is divided into three components: the Green Housing, Green Education, and Green Business. All aim at increasing use of sustainable energy while conserving the mangrove ecosystem. The Sundarbans coastal region is a disaster prone area and it forms the front line of Global Climate Change; therefore, the coastal people lose their source of drinking water, crops, livestock and farming land due to the negative impact of climate change. READ MORE

Mangrove Pneumatophores: Oases Of Biodiversity In Mangrove Mud
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INDIA - Scientists are always fascinated by the various kinds of adaptations that mangroves possess to survive in coastal areas. Mangroves are salt-tolerant plants growing in tropical and subtropical coastlines. Although these plants constitute only 0.5% of the world’s coastal area, they provide billions of dollars in terms of ecosystem services such as fisheries, nutrient cycling, and carbon storage. If you visit any mangrove ecosystem represented by Avicennia or Sonneratia species, you will be surprised to see that these plants possess unique roots called pneumatophores. Unlike the roots of other marine and terrestrial plants, these pneumatophores emerge from the muddy sediments of the mangrove floor and grow in an upward direction. The pneumatophores possess minute pores called lenticels on their surface for the intake of oxygen from the atmosphere, and which carry out respiration. Although these functions of pneumatophores have been known for a long time, our study evaluated the pneumatophores of Avicennia officinalis (L.) collected from Goa (central west coast of India). It was found that these roots are home to diverse species of microalgae and meiofauna (metazoan invertebrates and foraminifera in the size range 63-500 µm). READ MORE

50,000 tonnes plastic in mangroves of Mumbai
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INDIA - Mangrove forests in the Mumbai Metropolitan Region (MMR) are littered with at least 50,000 tonnes of plastic waste. Since the beginning of this year alone, the mangrove cell of the state forest department has removed more than 9,000 tonnes of trash, mostly plastic waste, from nine mangrove sites. “Acting as the interface between land and sea, the mangrove ecosystem is the first natural resource exposed to maximum plastic coming from creeks, rivers and the sea,” said N Vasudevan, additional principal chief conservator of forest, state mangrove cell. “While assessing the quantum of trash from 14 locations across Mumbai, we found that a minimum of 3,500 tonnes of plastic waste is strewn at these areas at any given point in time. It means approximately 50,000 tonnes across all mangrove patches in Mumbai.” READ MORE
 
Tiger turf wars in Bangladesh's Sundarbans
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BANGLADESH - The Sundarban mangrove forest in western Bangladesh is one of the last havens for the endangered Bengal tiger. With only 100 tigers thought to be remaining in the area, every individual tiger's survival counts. But the tigers aren't the only ones that live there. They share the forest and its resources with over a million people in the surrounding villages - a human population that has doubled in size in the last 40 years. And the locals' relationship with the tigers has been hostile at best. The tigers kill or maim villagers and in retaliation the villagers hunt the tigers, causing a vicious cycle. "We have 106, with the historical data about two to three tigers killed by the local villagers every year. But 30 to 50 humans are killed every year," says conservationist Mahbub Alam. READ MORE

AMERICAS

Groups March in Washington, DC During Ocean Week To Oppose Offshore Fish Farms
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USA - hundreds of people joined together in a March for the Oceans in Washington, DC. Preventing development of industrial ocean fish farms is a prominent issue for participants, wearing pins and carrying signs with the hashtag "#dontcageouroceans". Alfredo Quarto of the Mangrove Action Project said, "MAP has advocated for over two decades against open water industrial fish feedlots globally. We strongly urge Congress not to consider these kinds of wasteful and unsustainable systems in the U.S." Worldwide, ocean finfish aquaculture has caused a wide range of problems, including fish escapes; deaths of sharks, seals and other marine life; and changes in ocean ecosystems. Marianne Cufone, Executive Director for the Recirculating Farms Coalition said, "Industrial open water finfish farming is an outdated and unnecessary practice. It poses serious risks to our oceans and public health." Over 100 other organizations agree, and signed a letter earlier in the week to members of Congress, calling on legislators to protect oceans from development of marine finfish aquaculture off U.S. shores. READ MORE

Scientists find surprising genetic differences between Brazil’s mangroves
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BRAZIL - Hugging tropical coastlines with masses of long, tangled branches and roots that stick up out of the mud at low tide, mangrove forests all have a similar look at first glance. But dig a little deeper into their genes and surprising differences pop up. When researchers from institutions in Brazil did just that, they discovered that mangrove trees along the same coastline and of the same species were genetically distinct from each other. They think these differences likely arose because oceanic currents act as a barrier to mangrove tree seeds, effectively separating the two populations. In addition to genetic differences, some mangroves have physiological adaptations that make them better suited to their specific environments. The researchers say their results, published in the journal Ecology and Evolution earlier this year, highlight the importance of enacting conservation plans that give a higher priority to the preservation of genetic diversity – an endeavor they say is becoming more and more critical for mangroves as they continue to disappear. READ MORE

Global mangrove soil carbon map aids conservation
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Mangrove forests are among the most carbon-dense ecosystems in the world and valuable sinks for carbon emissions released into the atmosphere. Now a global map of soil carbon in mangrove forests at 30 m spatial resolution could support new ecosystem services policy tools for rewarding the preservation of major environmental assets. “We felt that working at 30 m resolution was critical because of the strong gradients that occur in mangrove forests across the tidal range,” says Jonathan Sanderman of Woods Hole Research Center in the US. “Within a few hundred metres, there can often be a two-fold variation in soil carbon stocks and we wanted to be able to capture this important local variance in soil carbon.” Sanderman and colleagues developed a machine-learning based data-driven statistical model of the distribution of carbon density at key sites around the world. READ MORE

First Jaguars Born in This Argentinian Wetland in Over a Century
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ARGENTINA - Two jaguars were born in northeastern Argentina’s Iberá National Park, one of the largest freshwater wetland systems in the Americas. The cubs are currently unnamed and unsexed, but researchers are excited about what kind of conservation implications these births have for the near-threatened species. “They have passed the most critical days and they seem to be healthy and suckling well from their mother,” Ignacio Jiménez Pérez, a National Geographic grantee and conservation coordinator at the Conservation Land Trust Argentina, writes in an email. Although they’ve filmed the cubs, the scientists have not accessed their pen yet because they want to be as noninvasive as possible. They will wait several more days before moving Tania to another pen so that they can briefly access the cubs, Pérez says. READ MORE

OCEANA

Methane emissions partially offset “blue carbon” burial in mangroves
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AUSTRALIA - The preservation and enhancement of natural carbon stores are part of global climate change mitigation strategies. Despite offering valuable ecosystem services to the coastal zone and its inhabitants, coastal vegetated ecosystems also stand out as large natural carbon stores. The term “blue carbon” was coined to describe the carbon captured in coastal habitats such as mangrove forests, seagrass beds, and salt marshes. Mangrove forests, in particular, are highly productive ecosystems with global carbon sequestration rates that are disproportionate to their area. However, here, we show that CH4 emissions from mangrove waters have the potential to offset blue carbon burial rates in sediments on average by 20% (sensitivity analysis offset range, 18 to 22%). Hence, CH4 emissions from mangroves need to be accounted for when assessing their importance in climate change mitigation. READ MORE

 
 
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Marvellous Mangroves Curriculum

The Marvellous Mangroves Education Forum is an online hub for those utilizing the Marvellous Mangroves (MM) Curriculum. It gives students, teachers and anyone interested in mangroves, the opportunity to learn and share ideas themed around the curriculum, to connect and communicate with others around the globe whilst exploring mangroves from your computer or on the go. VISIT

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MAP Education Director Martin Keeley’s most recent book is Marvellous Mangroves: Myths and Legends, a compilation of stories from “Mangrove Peoples”—those who live on shorelines where mangroves thrive—from around the world. READ MORE

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