The MAP News
Together we’re protecting mangrove forests.
EL SALVADOR - Mangrove forests provide a wide array of valuable ecosystem services and play a critical role in climate change mitigation and adaptation. They sequester vast amounts of carbon from the atmosphere, slow coastal erosion, and form a natural barrier that protects coastal communities from extreme weather. Mangrove ecosystems are a refuge for juvenile fish, a nesting habitat for migratory birds, and a breeding ground for sea turtles. They also provide sustainable economic opportunities for local communities who fish and develop ecotourism initiatives. The most extensive remaining mangrove forest in Central America is located in El Salvador's Bay of Jiquilisco. Unfortunately, El Salvador has lost sixty percent of its mangrove forest coverage since 1950, and continues to lose mangroves at a rate of 681 hectares (1683 acres) each year. This loss threatens the livelihoods and safety of the communities and wildlife that depend on the health of this ecosystem for their survival. READ MORE
Cost of coastal environmental degradation, multi hazard risk assessment and cost benefit analysis : Ghana
This document presents the report identification and justification of disaster risk management and climate change adaptation measures for Ghana. It aims to identify possible adaptation options to reduce, prevent and mitigate risks, through ecosystems reinforcement and other measures. DOWNLOAD HERE
Community celebrates nine years of mangrove restoration
INDIA - As an environmental protection initiative, a group of volunteers have planted more than 150,000 mangrove saplings from 2009 which have now grown into 7 ft tall mangrove plants. 5th June is celebrated as the World Environment Day across the world. This initiative began in 2009 and till today nearly a stretch of 15km of mangroves has been reforested. To mark the celebration of “World Environment Day”, June 4th, teachers from NARBHAVI VIDYALAYA primary school, Gandhi Nagar near Neyveli Township, Thiyagavalli, a coastal village in the Cuddalore District, Tamil Nadu, visited the mangrove forests in Thiyagavalli. The benefits of mangroves to mankind were explained to them by Mr Arjunan Elayaraja, Secretary, Aalamaram NGO. They were given saplings to plant along the banks of the back waters. The team of 36 teachers happily planted the saplings and promised to spread the benefits of reforestation and afforestation to the students community. The arrangements were done by the volunteers of the Aalamaram team. READ MORE
A robotic fish could help mangroves grow
THIALAND - Mangrove forests are important ecosystems. Their tangled roots hold land in place, preventing the sea from washing it away. Those roots also shelter young fish and other animals as they grow. But the mangrove forests of Thailand have come under threat. People have cut many of them down to build fish farms and expand cities. Some efforts to regrow mangrove forests have been successful; others, not so much. Naphat Cheenchamrat, 18, and Pattharaphol Chainiwattana, 16, wanted to figure out why. For mangroves, mud matters. And to find out if mud is thick enough to plant new mangroves, the pair have just what everyone needs: a fish robot. Naphat is a senior and Pattharaphol a junior at Bangkok Christian College in Thailand. The two brought their muddy results here, to the Intel International Science and Engineering Fair (ISEF). READ MORE
Monitoring mangrove forests after aquaculture abandonment using satellite images
INDONESIA - Revegetation of abandoned aquaculture regions should be a priority for any integrated coastal zone management (ICZM). This paper examines the potential of a matchless time series of 20 very high spatial resolution (VHSR) optical satellite images acquired for mapping trends in the evolution of mangrove forests from 2001 to 2015 in an estuary fragmented into aquaculture ponds. Evolution of mangrove extent was quantified through robust multitemporal analysis based on supervised image classification. Results indicated that mangroves are expanding inside and outside ponds and over pond dykes. However, the yearly expansion rate of vegetation cover greatly varied between replanted ponds. Ground truthing showed that only Rhizophora species had been planted, whereas natural mangroves consist of Avicennia and Sonneratia species. In addition, the dense Rhizophora plantations present very low regeneration capabilities compared with natural mangroves. Time series of VHSR images provide comprehensive and intuitive level of information for the support of ICZM. READ MORE
A fishing village and mangrove habitat in the Philippines faces threats of reclamation
PHILIPPINES - Obando Fishport, located north of the capital city of Manila in the Philippines, bustles with activity at 6:00 a.m. A colorful and tightly packed flotilla has gathered, fishing boats slipping and sliding carefully past each other to take turns docking. The bustle slowly fades to an idyllic backwater when traveling via pump boat to the coastal village of Taliptip in Bulakan town, Bulacan province. Its surrounding seas are home to some 5,000 fishers and salt-makers who get their bounty of fish, mussels, crabs, shrimp, and krill from these gentle waters and mangrove corridors. On this collection of small island communities, a 2,500-hectare reclamation project by the San Miguel Corporation is being aggressively pursued, threatening to convert everything in its wake into a so-called ‘aerotropolis complex’ of airports, expressways, and urban expanse. READ MORE
Dead whale sparks marine fears
THAILAND - The death of a male short-finned pilot whale with a shocking number of plastic bags in its stomach in Songkhla province has sparked grave concerns about marine debris and the threat it poses to the marine ecological system. The whale died on Friday, a few days after it was beached in Chana district on May 28, and drew wide public attention to yet another case of a marine animal ingesting human refuse after 80 plastic bags, weighing about 8kg, were found in its stomach. As a result, the Department of Marine and Coastal Resources is seizing on this opportunity to raise public awareness about marine litter, especially plastics, which are known to be responsible for the deaths of seabirds and marine mammals. Jatuporn Buruspat, the department's director-general, said on Friday, which was also World Ocean Day, that the agency will meet those in the plastic bag supply chain, including producers and users, to discuss how they can work to curb the amount of plastic that ends up in the sea. READ MORE
How Mangrove And Salt Marsh Seedlings Respond To CO2 And Drought
USA - Scientists have documented landward shifts of mangrove forests over the past several decades along the Gulf and in other regions of the world (e.g., Australia, China, Mexico, New Zealand). In many settings, mangrove forests have encroached into marshes and mudflats, replacing those habitat types. Similar inland migration of brackish and salt marshes can be prevented in some areas by existing human infrastructure, including roads, housing, and commercial development; this process has been described as “coastal squeeze.” As a consequence, marsh habitat loss has occurred, and the type and quantity of ecosystem goods and services provided have been affected. Mangrove expansion in the Gulf has been attributed primarily to sea-level rise, reduced freshwater input, and increased intervals between winter freeze events, all factors that favor the expansion of cold-intolerant and salt-tolerant mangrove species. Drought is an additional factor that affects the resiliency of Gulf coastal wetlands, and it has been implicated as a contributing factor in severe vegetation dieback events that have occurred in brackish and salt marshes. READ MORE
Our Land, Our Life - A Participatory Assessment of the Land Tenure Situation of Indigenous Peoples in Guyana
GUYANA - In Guyana, customary lands and forest that communities depend on are being illegally destroyed by extractive industries -operating within and outside of allocated concessions- and communities are suffering because they do not have title to the full extent of their traditional lands, or have no title at all. In addition to the fact that large parts of communities’ customary land have been left out of titled areas on paper, even more land has been cut off during demarcation of titles thereby eroding their customary land rights or causing boundary conflicts with neighbouring communities. This report seeks to present a detailed picture of the current status of land rights for communities in the Potaro-Siparuni region (Region 8) in west-central Guyana. The study covers 22 villages and settlements. Fifteen of those villages have land titles, however, fourteen of those said they were not consulted and did not give their consent to the area granted as title. READ MORE
Plastic Tsunamis Threaten Coast in Latin America
BRAZIL - Although Latin America produces just five percent of the world’s plastic, it imports billions of tons annually for the use of all kinds of products, some of which end up in the sea as garbage. It thus contributes to this kind of artificial tsunami that threatens the biodiversity of the oceans, where 13 million tons of waste, mostly disposable plastics, are dumped each year at a global level, according to UN Environment – enough to wrap around the Earth four times. The impact is such that it also affects human health, as this resistant waste enters the food chain, and has led the United Nations to declare “Beat Plastic Pollution” as the theme for this year’s World Environment Day, on June 5. READ MORE
Work underway in Suriname to restore ecosystems after closure of mining site on indigenous land
SURINAME - International experts have visited Suriname as part of a mission to restore ecosystems around a now closed bauxite mining site on indigenous territory. The delegation visited the Wane Hills site in Marowijne, which was first mined by BHP Biliton and later by Suralco, which is part of Alcoa. The site is now considered mined out and Alcoa has closed operations in Suriname. The mission, from 25-30 March, was also joined by representatives of the Association of Indigenous Village Leaders in Suriname, VIDS – who have been asked by the Bauxite Institute Suriname to be the counterpart in this mission and assist in the development of an action plan. The closed mine site is located in the self-demarcated customary territory of the Lokono and Kalin’a communities in Marowijne, and the action plan will restore forest and savannah ecosystems so communities can again benefit from this area of their territory. READ MORE
Lecturer, students rediscover ‘near-threatened’ mangrove
PAPUA NEW GUINEA - University of PNG’s Dr Lawong Balun and third-year biology students have rediscovered a near-extinct mangrove in Rigo, Central. The species, Ceriops decandra, found in Hood Lagoon has a restricted distribution in PNG and the rediscovery last month could mean it is potentially the only place where this rare species survives today Lecturer Dr Balun, a mangrove specialist, who has done extensive research on the ecophysiology of New Guinea mangroves, said: “It is threatened by habitat loss from coastal development and subsistence harvesting for construction purposes throughout its range. Its population is estimated to have been reduced between 10 and 30 per cent over the last two decades and listed as ‘near-threatened’ by Food and Agriculture Organisation in 2007.” Dr Balun said the biggest concern about the species was the lack of knowledge about its ‘reproductive viable population’ status. READ MORE
LAST WORD - WELCOME ABOARD KATE!!!
Greetings everyone at MAP,
I am Kate, the new volunteer at the MAP Asia office here in Trang. I am a British and Thai national who spent my primary years growing up in South East Asia and former years in England. I recently graduated in a degree in International Development from the University of Leeds and am taking time to gain work experience in the field of environmental conservation and development. I am really excited therefore to be spending the next few months with MAP.
During my degree course I have taken every opportunity to focus on the environment and international development which has allowed me to investigate a range of topics such as community-based forest management in Thailand, the impact of shrimp farming and slave labor in continuing the economic and social divide between the Global South and North, and the implications of post disaster relief and reconstruction policies on land-based relations and rural livelihoods with a focus on the Asian tsunami. I was also lucky enough to spend a year abroad studying in Accra, at the University of Ghana and spent large periods of this time carrying out research and focus group interviews with local communities in the North as part of the basis for my dissertation on the impact of large dams on the environment and sustainable livelihoods.
While volunteering at MAP I hope to build on my interest in environmental conservation and livelihood development and learn about the specific role mangrove ecosystems play within that. I’m looking forward to gaining experience in working in a professional NGO setting and to visiting field projects first hand.
Look forward to working with you all.
Office Development & Field Project Assistant (Intern)
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Mangrove Action Project
Thursday, June 7, 2018
Posted by BlogAdmin at 11:22 PM
Thursday, May 24, 2018
The MAP News
Learning the importance of mangrove ecosystem in Koh Kong
CAMBODIA - Taking place in Bak-Klong Beach in Koh Kong province, the Mangrove Youth Camp was a unique three-day event that brought so much awareness on the benefits of the mangrove ecosystem and the challenges the Areng and Prey Lang communities are presently facing. “Kang Khmer” or Khmer Bike, a youth-led organisation, initiated the camp that also highlighted arts and culture, Lakhorn Sbek Toch (storytelling through shadow puppetry) and Long-Vek era costume-wearing. Participants of the camp were supposed to visit Koh Sralao village in Koh Kapi commune. However, some legal documents were not fulfilled and the organisers were not permitted to bring the campers inside the village. Despite the sudden changes, the Mangrove Camp remained as fun and education as expected. San Mala, organiser of the Mangrove Youth Camp, said the Mangrove Festival the group held last year earned about 6,000 USD for the Koh Sralao villagers. The locals also welcomed the young participants in their homes and shared their stories. According to Mot Kimry, the camp is centered on raising awareness on how the mangrove ecosystem affects the community and foster tourism in Koh Kong province. Many people who love the beach often choose to go to Kampot province and Sihanoukville, forgetting that Koh Kong offers as much beauty and splendor. “People love visiting beach on their holiday. But they don’t really know about mangroves. That’s the reason why we are holding the Mangrove Festival and the Mangrove Youth Camp.” READ MORE
In Madagascar, fishermen plant mangroves for the future
MADAGASCAR - Hunched over the soil, Malagasy villagers work feverishly -- deft fingers planting stalks of mangrove to replace the swathes destroyed for firewood and building material. In just two decades, Madagascar lost about a fifth of its mangrove forest area, exposing its coastline to the ocean's ravages and shrinking the nursery grounds of crabs and shrimp -- two key exports. With sea levels forecast to rise further due to global warming, coastal villagers are rushing to try and undo the damage, with the help of conservation group WWF. "The ocean keeps rising and rising, and it takes everything with it," lamented 36-year-old crab fisherman Clement Joseph Rabenandrasana, who travelled several kilometres (miles) from his home in Beanjavilo to Amboanio on the island's west coast to volunteer in a two-day reforestation drive. READ MORE
The power of Mangroves to combat climate change
KENYA - Environmental conservationists in Coastal Kenya have taken new steps to preserve the endangered mangrove forests along the Indian Ocean, with the aim of preserving better environment and fight climatic change patterns. Through different projects aimed at conserving mangrove forests, communities around the coastal regions have benefitted from different programs funded by donors. Correspondent Joseph Jira has this report. LISTEN TO AUDIO
The benefits – and costs – of coastal reforestation in Senegal
SENEGAL - Because they absorb carbon at up to 10 times the rate of rainforests, mangroves are a powerful, and sometimes lucrative, tool in international efforts to mitigate climate change. In Senegal, severe droughts in the 1970s and 1980s, as well as increasing urbanization, devastated thousands of acres of trees. Mangroves – one of the richest ecosystems in the world – were especially affected. Approximately 133,000 acres (54,000 hectares) of coastal forests disappeared in Senegal between 1980 and 2005, according to a study by the U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization. As of 2005, about 284,000 acres were left, mostly in the West African country’s lush and tropical southern Casamance region. Many of the ways people make a living from Senegal’s mangroves — some 2,000 species of fish, molluscs, and crustaceans live among the roots and mud of the coastal forest- also caused damage. READ MORE
Empowering CBEMR ambassadors!
THAILAND - MAP recently hosted a Facilitation Skills Workshop that was funded by a newly established Lush: Fresh Handmade Cosmetics grant, for MAP’s Community Based Ecological Mangrove Restoration (CBEMR) Community Network Capacity Building program. This workshop, which took place directly adjacent to a beautiful mangrove estuary in the town of Krabi, spanned four days at the beginning of May, 2018. There were 13 participants from five villages within MAP’s CBEMR Network throughout four provinces in Southern Thailand: Trang, Krabi, Phang-Nga, and Ranong. MAP is developing this CBEMR Network, to emphasize building capacity for communities involved in CBEMR. READ MORE
India fast losing mangrove cover, but at half of world average
INDIA - India is ranked ninth in the area of mangrove forests it lost between 2000 and 2015, but the rate of loss is only half the global average, which means India has been able to conserve its mangrove forests much better than other countries, found an international study. Published earlier this month by the Woods Hole Research Center (WHRC), a think tank based in Massachusetts, USA, the study looked at satellite maps to find that of India’s 4,52,676 hectare (ha) of mangrove forests (10th largest mangrove cover in the world), the country lost 3,957 ha, or 0.87% of it, over these 15 years. Indian government estimates put the extent of mangrove forests at 4,92,100 ha (100 hectares is equal to one square kilometre). Globally, 1.67% of the mangrove forests was lost over these 15 years. While Indonesia led with a loss of 1,15,000 ha, Malaysia, Myanmar, Brazil and Thailand were other countries to lose maximum cover during the period of study. READ MORE
China’s Global Infrastructure Initiative Could Bring Environmental Catastrophe
CHINA - Humans are ravaging tropical forests by hunting, logging and building roads, and the threats are mounting by the day. China is planning a series of massive infrastructure projects across four continents, an initiative that conservation biologist William Laurance described as “environmentally, the riskiest venture ever undertaken.” In a commentary published in the journal Nature Sustainability, he and an international team of researchers urge China to weigh the possibly disastrous consequences of its Belt and Road Initiative. Laurance, a research professor at James Cook University in Cairns, Australia, recently spoke with Nexus Media about the potential dangers, including the impact on climate change. This interview has been edited for length and clarity. READ MORE
Cyclone shield: Breathing new life into Myanmar's mangroves
MYANMAR - Since 1978, one million hectares of mangroves have been cut down in Myanmar. In the Ayerwaddy Delta in the south, mangrove forests have been significantly depleted - often cut down to make way for shrimp and rice farming, as well as charcoal production and collecting palm oil. Worldwide, 35 percent of the world's mangroves are now lost. Only 16 percent of the original cover is left in the vulnerable Delta Region where the mangroves are being destroyed at rates three to five times higher than global deforestation. "At the moment, mangrove conditions are severely degraded," says Win Meung, a seasoned ecologist who heads a mangrove regeneration project in Myanmar. "In the coastal areas, 60 percent of the villagers don't have a permanent job and try to find their money in the mangrove areas. They cut the trees and within one hour they can get the money [they need] for their livelihood." Mangroves play a vital role in the fight against climate change and extreme weather events such as cyclones.READ MORE
Taking stock of carbon in mangroves
INDONESIA - As scientists are increasingly exploring the high carbon stocks contained in mangroves, tidal marshes and seagrass meadows – known as ‘blue carbon’ – alarm bells sounding for these ecosystems’ rapid destruction have never been louder. “Indonesia has the highest mangrove cover on earth, but Indonesia is experiencing the highest mangrove deforestation rate in the world. This is very sad,” said Virni Budi Arifanti, researcher at Indonesia’s Forestry and Environment Research, Development and Innovation Agency (FOERDIA) and panelist in the “Mangroves and Blue Carbon” discussion forum at the 2018 Asia-Pacific Rainforest Summit in Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Mangroves, she explained, contain the second highest carbon stocks after peatlands, storing three to four times as much carbon as tropical forests. READ MORE
Ayeyarwady to embark on massive mangrove replanting program
MYANMAR - Ayeyarwady Region plans to replant 28,000 acres of mangrove forests in a 10-year project as part of its plan to restore the coastal ecosystem in the territory, regional Forestry Department Director U Khin Maung Myint said on Wednesday. “In Myanmar’s forest restoration project, 2800 acres of mangroves will be planted yearly in Ayeyarwady, so during the ten-year project, 28,000 acres of mangroves will be planted,” he told a national meeting of the central committee of coastal resources administration and management at the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Conservation. Due to agriculture, breeding of fish and prawns, and charcoal production, mangrove forests in Ayeyarwady have been depleted and the coastal ecosystem damaged. After the devastation of Cyclone Nargis in 2008, protection and reforestation of mangroves are being carried out with high priority, and more than 28,000 acres of mangroves have been planted throughout the country. READ MORE
Marsiling Park opens with new mangrove habitat, enhanced amenities for residents
SINGAPORE - After almost two years of redevelopment works, a popular park at Marsiling now has a new name and improved facilities for residents. Marsiling Park, formerly known as Woodlands Town Garden, was opened on Sunday (April 29) after a 22-month overhaul that gave the park a new mangrove habitat and enhanced recreational amenities. Minister for National Development Lawrence Wong, who is also the adviser to Marsiling-Yew Tee GRC Grassroots Organisations (GROs), graced the opening on Sunday morning with some 800 residents who attended a community event held in conjunction with the park's opening. The 13-hectare park near Marsiling MRT station now features an enhanced mangrove forest with more than 1000 saplings of mangrove species, such as Api Api and White Teruntum. Previously, the mangrove forest was blocked from public view by a dense layer of vegetation, which prevented the growth of new mangrove saplings. Mangrove species that were endangered locally, like the Berembang, were also reintroduced.READ MORE
Florida’s Mangroves Face Death by Rising Sea Level
USA - Florida’s mangroves have been forced into a hasty retreat by sea level rise and now face being drowned, imperiling coastal communities and the prized everglades wetlands, researchers have found. Mangroves in south-east Florida in an area studied by the researchers have been on a “death march” inland as they edge away from the swelling ocean, but have now hit a manmade levee and are likely to be submerged by water within 30 years, according to the Florida International University analysis. “There’s nowhere left for them to go,” said Dr. Randall Parkinson, a coastal geologist at FIU. “They are done. The sea will continue to rise and the question now is whether they will be replaced by open water. I think they will.READ MORE
The Great Mangrove Cleanup gathers 3,000 pounds of trash
VIRGIN ISLANDS - The Great Mangrove Cleanup, the first large-scale community cleanup of the St. Thomas East End Reserves, took place April 21. There were 126 volunteers, including teams from the University of the Virgin Islands, VI-EPSCoR (Virgin Islands Established Program to Stimulate Competitive Research), Virgin Islands Marine Advisory Service, Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Planning and Natural Resources, Virgin Islands Waste Management Authority, Marine Rebuild Fund, All Hands and Hearts, Perfect Heart, Blue Flag, Camp Umoja and the Environmental Association of St. Thomas. Virgin Islands EcoTours provided four staff members and more than 30 kayaks. Custom Builders provided logistical support and supplied dump trucks to cart the trash to the Bovoni Landfill. Organizers estimate more than 3,000 pounds of trash were removed from mangrove shorelines READ MORE
Rezoning request would bulldoze mangrove land for housing
USA - Approximately 307 acres of environmentally sensitive land, owned under Eden Oak I LLC, is slated for an upcoming hearing before the Lee County Hearing Examiner for a rezoning request. The hearing was set to take place on May 18, but the Sanibel-Captiva Conservation Foundation reported on May 9 that the applicant had filed a written request for a continuance. An application dated December 2016 seeks to rezone the acreage from agricultural zoning to a residential planned development, "Eden Oak," using about 45 acres to accommodate 55 new single-family homes and a canal to the Caloosahatchee. The LLC is registered to Romas Kartavicius of Mississauga, Ontario, Canada. Neither the property owner nor his attorney, Wayne Arnold of Grady Minor and Associates, could be reached for comment. A Lee County Department of Community Development Zoning Section staff report recommends denial. READ MORE
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