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Saturday, December 11, 2021

MAP News Issue #535 - Dec 11, 2021

Mangrove Action Project

The MAP News
535th Edition                                                  Dec 11, 2021

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Maybe world leaders are finally reading the writing on the wall?
USA - Maybe they finally understand that the recent frightening weather, massive forest fires, droughts and floods are not just chance occurrences but due to our planet-level experiment of increasing CO2 levels from the pre-industrial 280ppm to 415ppm today. There’s no argument about these numbers or the greenhouse gas effect – it’s just straight physics. We can debate the link between CO2 levels and climate change. Or we can take practical action now. Please support MAP to do what the world should be doing, climate change or not – conserving existing mangroves and restoring degraded forests, as fast as possible. MAP is blessed by having a passionate, experienced, highly qualified and loyal team. We need funding to run more capacity-building and outreach programs, and advocate for mangroves at conferences and meetings such as COP26. You can help us to increase MAP’s impact by donating to MAP now. For donations of $35 or more, we will send you our beautiful 2022 Children’s Mangrove Art Calendar to show our appreciation. READ MORE
Mangrove-workers killed in Nigeria southern oil region
NIGERIA - Gunmen killed two Nigerian contractors working for a local subsidiary of Italy’s ENI and a security officer in an attack in Nigeria’s oil-producing Niger Delta region, a security official and the company said on Monday. Nigeria struggled with violence in its Niger Delta until a 2009 amnesty deal with militants mostly stopped attacks on oil installations and kidnappings. But violence still occurs and pirates and criminal gangs operate in the region, targeting ships offshore for kidnapping raids on their crews. Gunmen killed two workers with ENI subsidiary Nigerian Agip Oil Company and an official from the Nigerian Security and Civil Defence Corps (NSCDC) on Sunday in the oil-producing state of Bayelsa, local NSCDC spokesman Ogbere Solomon said. In a statement, ENI said the contractors were working on a mangrove restoration project with their security detail when they were attacked by an armed group. It said three people were killed and two injured. The project was to restore mangroves damaged by illegal refineries and spills from sabotage to oil installations in the area, it said. READ MORE

Nigerian wellhead has spilled 2 mln barrels of oil and gas, says senate
NIGERIA – A wellhead leak in Nigeria's Bayelsa state has spewed two million barrels of oil and gas equivalent into the Delta creeks, the senate said. Nigerian oil firm Aiteo Eastern E&P reported the "extremely high order" leak from the Santa Barbara wellhead that it jointly owns with state oil company NNPC in early November. Weeks later, the wellhead was still violently spewing oil and gas. "Attempts to stop the continuous oil and gas spill by the operators had failed repeatedly for over one month running, wasting an estimated over 2 million barrels of hydrocarbon and gas," a senate resolution stated, adding it showed "a disappointing appearance of technical incompetence in handling the incident on the part of Aiteo." The resolution, put forward by Bayelsa Senator Biobarakuma Degi-Eremienyo, expressed concern over the impact of the spill on the mangrove forests, aquatic life and air and water in the region. READ MORE
How data and community can save Zanzibar's mangroves
TANZANIA - Digital Earth Africa is helping Zanzibar fight the effects of climate change and protect the island's precious mangrove habitat. The story is also part of a new documentary series, Climate Next. Zanzibar Island, located off the coast of Tanzania in East Africa, spans 950 square miles of lush vegetation and idyllic beaches that support its tourism-driven economy, in addition to the agricultural and fishing industries that help feed its 1.5 million inhabitants. Zanzibar is known for its most famous coastal ecosystem: mangrove forests. Mangroves are an incredibly hardy family of trees and shrubs-their deep, salt-tolerant roots thrive on coastlines and serve as natural barriers to storms and rising seas. In Zanzibar, the forests protect the island's human residents and help fish hide from predators. But the mangroves also help protect the planet. READ MORE
Loans Keep Women Afloat As They Plant Fast-Vanishing Mangroves
KENYA - When she was growing up, Tima Abudhi remembers watching her neighbours cut away at the mangrove forests around her village on Pate Island, on Kenya's east coast, chopping down the coastal trees to build houses or to sell as timber. As the mangroves disappeared, so did the fish that live and breed among their roots - a disaster for the fishing village of Kizingitini, recalls the now 55-year-old mother of five. "We depended on fish for food. We ran out of food and money as well because we also trade in fish. Our children suffered the most," she said. The threat to their livelihoods and homes motivated Abudhi and other women to start replanting the mangroves, often spending all day at the beach, taking time away from caring for their families and running their small businesses. Protecting the mangroves over the past few decades has taken a toll on their incomes, but they felt it was a matter of urgency, Abudhi said. READ MORE
Ph.D. student fights for mangroves — not concrete seawalls — on Miami's shorelines
USA – Miami’s future could be one of enormous concrete seawalls stretching along the coast. Or something a little different — where mangroves become the type of infrastructure that really protects the city. Marbelys Garriga is fighting for a future where coastal urban landscape and design is dominated by living shorelines that benefit precious water resources, protect wildlife and help ensure humans can continue to live in coastal communities. The FIU Institute of Environment Ph.D. student is spearheading a project to gather quantifiable evidence on how traditional, more well-known shoreline infrastructure, such as seawalls or rip rap retaining walls, compare to natural forms, like mangroves and oysters. She’s focused on how these different types of infrastructures could impact an issue Miami continues to grapple with — water quality. READ MORE
Funders looking for bankable eco-projects
BVI - The British Virgin Islands (BVI) has much work to do if it is going to be able to create revenue generating projects in a blue carbon economy. This is according to Natural Resources Minister, Vincent Wheatley, who detailed some of the interactions he had with investors and other officials at the recent Joint Ministerial Council (JMC) held in Glasgow in the United Kingdom (UK). According to the minister, the BVI‘s mangroves and seagrass are two commodities which the territory has in abundance that are already garnering interest from potential investors. “They are very much interested in helping us turn those natural assets into a new economy that can generate income for the BVI,” Wheatley said. Wheatley said one of the topics he was able to make a presentation on, was mangroves. “When it comes to mitigation against climate change, they’ve discovered that mangroves are very efficient at removing carbon from the atmosphere. So mangrove has become kind of the new gold right now,” the minister said. READ MORE
DOE pushes ‘mangrove sequestration’ to manage coal plants’ emissions
PHILIPPINES - To pare the country’s carbon emissions without compromising energy security, the Department of Energy (DOE) is examining the feasibility of “mangrove sequestration” so carbon emissions of coal plants can be offset or managed. Energy Secretary Alfonso G. Cusi noted that while the department gives premium on the country’s energy security needs, “we should actively explore the potential of out-of-the-box solutions that could reduce the harmful greenhouse gas emissions of coal plants.” The energy chief qualified that the Philippines is still at that stage wherein it cannot just totally eliminate coal plants because these generating assets serve a key component of the power mix – primarily in the need to satiate baseload electricity requirements; while renewables have yet to establish their foothold on reliability with the support of battery storage. As propounded by experts, mangroves are among the top carbon-capturing ecosystem on the planet – and they could sequester even higher scale of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions than other biomes or the collection of flora and fauna occupying a major habitat on Earth. READ MORE
Indonesia prepares regulation to help fund mangrove restoration
INDONESIA - Indonesia is preparing regulation to help finance a programme of mangrove restoration work from sources outside of the state budget, as part of its carbon-neutrality efforts, a senior government official told Reuters recently. Indonesia launched a mangrove rehabilitation programme in March, aiming to restore 600,000 hectares (1.5 million acres) of degraded mangrove by 2024 to help absorb carbon emissions. Southeast Asia's largest economy, which is also the world's largest archipelago country, aims to reach carbon neutrality by 2060 or sooner. This year the government had aimed to restore 150,000 hectares of mangroves, but it has cut that goal to 33,000 hectares due to limited funding from the state budget as the government reallocates funds to cope with the coronavirus pandemic. READ MORE
Illegal mangrove logging surges in Indonesia’s Batam amid economic hardship
INDONESIA - Indonesian officials in Sumatra’s Riau Islands province have reported a 280% increase in seizures of mangrove wood from would-be smugglers this year, attributing the surge in illegal logging to economic hardship among local fishers. Provincial police said they had confiscated 21,186 mangrove logs so far in 2021, up from 7,647 logs in all of 2020. They said much of this mangrove wood came from the main island of Batam, with the logs destined for nearby Malaysia and Singapore. Police estimated the illegal sale of the logs would have deprived the state of 234 million rupiah ($16,300) in revenue. Logging of mangroves is illegal in Indonesia and punishable by up to five years in prison and 2.5 billion rupiah ($174,000) in fines. A resident who asked not to be identified said a growing number of fishermen had turned to cutting and selling mangrove trees to earn a living because of declining fish catches. Customs officials said the economic hardship wrought by the COVID-19 pandemic has also compounded the problem. READ MORE
Jakarta vows to maximize economic potential in coastal, island areas
indonesia coastal fisheries
INDONESIA - The Jakarta administration remains resolute to maximizing the economic potential in coastal and island territories through the fishers' community empowerment program, Jakarta Deputy Governor Ahmad Riza Patria stated. "We want the community, especially the fishers' community in Jakarta, to obtain training, mentoring, and financial support through the Seribu Islands' Jakpreneur. We will continue to provide help," Patria affirmed. The deputy governor delivered the remarks at the 10th National Conference on Marine Resources, Coasts, and Small Islands Management at Putri Duyung Resort, Ancol Dreamland, North Jakarta, on Thursday. The enrichment program to boost the fishers' capacity aims to enable Jakarta's coasts, sea, and small islands to become the drivers of the blue economy for boosting social welfare through measurable governance. READ MORE

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Marvellous Mangroves Curriculum

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The award-winning Marvellous Mangroves (MM) curriculum educates children on the importance of mangroves and their ecological functions, teaching them about modern challenges and mechanisms for sustainability. VIEW VIDEO

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