The MAP News
526th Edition Aug 07, 2021
Help Mangroves Help the Oceans
As we see the effects of the climate and ecological crises beginning to take hold all around the world, mangroves are becoming more vital than ever. From standing as a living barrier against rising seas and more intense storms, to mitigating the causes of climate change (storing up to five times more carbon per hectare than tropical forests), to keeping the oceans healthy by providing nursery grounds and habitats to many marine species and filtering sediments that would otherwise wind up on coral reefs and seagrass beds, mangroves are increasingly imperative to securing our planet's habitable future.
Mangrove Action Project is actively working across the globe to help conserve and restore our world's mangrove forests, in partnership with groups ranging from coastal communities to governments, academics, and international NGOs. And this year, MAP has joined with the UN Decade on Ecosystem Restoration in an effort to build a sustainable and healthy future for all.
This World Mangrove Day, we are asking for your help to save and restore these vital ecosystems and protect our coastlines, communities and wildlife. By donating to MAP, you are helping to:
· Work with coastal communities to bring back and keep their
forests and safeguard their livelihoods
· Assist regional, national, and international groups working on
mangrove restoration to make their efforts more effective,
sustainable, and biodiverse
· Educate on and spread awareness of the importance of mangrove
forests around the world.
MAP is only able to do this work because of our network of support. Thank you for your help, and for spreading the word about mangroves. Please pass on this message, and if you would like to find out more about mangroves and MAP's efforts, visit our website at www.mangroveactionproject.org.
The Mangroove Song
This catchy song was created by The Mangrooves, a group of environmental educators at the Bahamas Reef Environment Educational Foundation's annual teacher training.
Support mangrove conservation, UNESCO chief says
GLOBAL – Audrey Azoulay, Director General of the UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), made the appeal in her message for the International Day for the Conservation of the Mangrove Ecosystem, observed on 26 July. Mangroves are found in tropical and sub-tropical regions, on the boundary between land and sea. Globally, they cover a surface of just 14.8 million hectares, or roughly equivalent to the size of Greece. “They protect biodiversity by sheltering and nurturing marine life. They function like filtration systems, absorbing nutrients and pollutants. They fight coastal erosion, acting as breakwaters to dissipate storm surges and wave energy. Above all, they play an essential role as carbon sinks, sequestering atmospheric and oceanic carbon for long periods of time,” said Ms. Azoulay. Yet despite these benefits, UNESCO estimated that some countries lost more than 40 per cent of their mangroves between 1980 and 2005, often due to coastal development. READ MORE
Many mangrove restorations fail. Is there a better way?
GLOBAL - If any single event was a watershed for conservation of the world's mangrove forests, it was the Indian Ocean tsunami of 2004. In several affected countries, nonprofits and government agencies swiftly began planting mangrove seedlings; in Sri Lanka, plantings were made at more than 20 sites around the island’s rim. But when University of Ruhuna botanist Sunanda Kodikara visited those sites between 2012 and 2014, he was shocked to find mangroves regrowing on only about 20 percent of the area planted. Elsewhere, just a few saplings persevered, or none at all. “I saw so many dead plants,” Kodikara recalls. Especially disheartening, he says, was the fact that some $13 million had been spent on the efforts. Such results are particularly frustrating to experts, as the need for protecting and restoring the world’s “blue forests” is greater than ever. READ MORE
Mdimni Village Replanting mangroves World Mangrove Day 2021
In celebration of World Mangrove Day on 26 July. We visited Mdimni Village on the banks of the Rufiji River surrounded by mangroves. We celebrated this day in practice in collaboration with these villagers, and we also provided mangrove conservation education including mangrove planting. We spoke to conservation groups in the village and urged them to continue caring for mangroves. And moreover we used the opportunity to point out the importance of mangroves to the environment they live in and the world at large. I offer my sincere thanks to all who supported me in making this a success. READ MORE
Tell the banks not to finance the East African Crude Oil Pipeline
EAST AFRICA - French oil giant Total and the China National Offshore Oil Corporation are on the cusp of building a massive crude oil pipeline right through the heart of Africa – displacing communities, endangering wildlife and tipping the world closer to full-blown climate catastrophe. The future of East Africa relies on building sustainable, diversified and inclusive economies – not by letting huge multinational corporations extract resources and keep the profit. The East African Crude Oil Pipeline needs to be stopped and there is a plan to do exactly that. Are you in? READ MORE
The fisherwomen, Chevron and the leaking pipe
NIGERIA - Oil companies like Chevron, Shell and Eni have made billions in profits in the vast Niger Delta region in the last decades. But now some are pulling out — and they are leaving utter ruin in their wake, according to government monitors and environmental and human rights organizations. The delicate ecosystem of the Niger Delta, once teeming with plant and animal life, is today one of the most polluted places on the planet. It is the women, who do most of the fishing in the creeks and marshes in this part of the Niger Delta, who are trying to call the oil companies to account. When they found the ominous bubbling, the fisherwomen alerted local leaders, who informed Chevron’s Nigerian subsidiary. At first, Chevron ignored them, the local leaders said, and oil continued to flow through the line. READ MORE
International Day for the Conservation of the Mangrove Ecosystem: Not just a lifeline for coastal communities
INDIA - Mangroves have become highly susceptible to industrial areas along coasts and pollution caused by domestic and industrial sewage. According to UNESCO, mangroves are disappearing at a rate that is three to five times faster than overall losses of global forest cover in the face of infrastructure development, urbanisation and agricultural land conversion. According to its current estimates, mangrove coverage has shrunk by half in the last 40 years. Less than 1% of tropical forests are mangroves, such is its rarity, according to UNESCO. undarbans apart, India is home to several other swathes of mangrove cover, including the Godavari-Krishna Mangroves, Bhitarkanika Mangrove Wetland, Baratang Island in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, and the Pichavaram Mangrove Forest in Chidambaram. During the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami, the Pichavaram Mangrove Forest protected several hamlets in Tamil Nadu, by preventing the seawater from entering the villages and minimising loss of property. Rows of mangroves near the sea reduced the impact of the tsunami by reducing the velocity and volume of the tsunami water. READ MORE
Mangroves Mitigate Effects of Climate Change Provide Local Economic Benefits
PHILIPPINES - Jurgenne Primavera, a marine scientist and 2005 Pew marine fellow from the Philippines, has spent decades collaborating with local governments and communities to study, restore, protect, and champion mangroves in the Philippines and beyond. “In the Philippines, when my team and I would go to a potential mangrove project site, we would first go to the mayor and local community leaders, because we knew that for mangrove protection to succeed, we would need local support. The local community members are the de facto managers on the ground. And our record over the years, in terms of training and empowering both local communities and local officials to protect remaining mangroves and rehabilitate degraded ones, has been mostly successful,” Primavera said. This interview, timed to mark the International Day for the Conservation of the Mangrove Ecosystem on July 26, has been edited for clarity and length. READ MORE
Mangrove Conservation and Restoration: Protecting Indonesia's “Climate Guardians”
INDONESIA - 'In 2007, my father asked people to join him to plant mangroves, but only a few were interested. Now, we feel the impact of beach abrasion on our daily lives. The sand began to erode, and many of the islands around Yensawai began to disappear,' said Konstantinus Saleo, an advocate for nature preservation in West Yensawai, Raja Ampat Islands, located in the eastern part of Indonesia. For people living in coastal areas, like Konstantinus, mangroves are not just mere plants. Mangroves, which grow on the coastline and river mouths, serve as a barrier to seawater abrasion and reduce the risk of floods. They are the guardians of local homes and livelihoods. These ecosystems provide shoreline protection from climate-related and other disasters such as storms and tsunamis and reduce flood-risks, inundation, and erosion. Indonesia's mangroves also help mitigate the impact of climate change as they store a significant amount of carbon - 3.1 billion tons - equivalent to the greenhouse gas emissions produced by approximately 2.5 billion vehicles driven for one year. READ MORE
Cayman Mangrove Festival honours islands’ wetlands on World Mangrove Day
CAYMAN ISLANDS - The Mangrove Arts Festival in celebration of World Mangrove Day and World Mangrove Week, took place July 24 in at downtown gallery Parcel 110 on Cardinall Avenue. The free, all-ages event kicked off a week of activities and marked the one-year anniversary of the Mangrove Rangers, a non-profit dedicated to mangrove conservation, restoration and education. Doors opened at 10am with two mangrove-themed art exhibitions on display until 31 July. These shows included a student exhibit with more than 25 participants from schools across the Cayman Islands. Students were invited by the Mangrove Rangers to submit art of any style reflecting the environmental, cultural or economic value of Cayman’s mangrove habitat. View Video
Costa Rica Ensures Future for Its Mangrove Forests
COSTA RICA - Costa Rica recently announced its commitment to restore and protect coastal wetlands—including 22,000 hectares of the country’s mangroves—as part of its updated nationally determined contribution (NDC) to the Paris Agreement. Coastal wetlands, including mangrove forests, are some of the most important ecosystems on the planet. Not only are mangrove forests rich in biodiversity, but they serve as natural buffers to storms and flooding. They also help mitigate climate change by storing an estimated three to five times more carbon in their soil per acre than other tropical forests. This interview with two Costa Rican coastal wetlands experts, to mark International Day for the Conservation of the Mangrove Ecosystem on July 26, has been edited for clarity and length. READ MORE
Stop the East African Pipeline that threatens the planet #STOPEACOP – CLICK HERE
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MAP News Issue #526 - Aug 7, 2021
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