Thursday, February 28, 2019

MAP News Issue 463 - March 02, 2019

Mangrove Action Project
The MAP News
463rd Edition                                                     Mar 02, 2019

FEATURE

Kibiti and the Rufiji Delta, Tanzania - CBEMR Training
MAP CBEMR
TANZANIA - On behalf of Wetlands International Africa, the Mangrove Action Project (MAP) undertook a second two-part training on Community-Based Ecological Mangrove Restoration (CBEMR) for 28 participants in Kibiti and the Rufiji Delta, Tanzania. This involved a five-day, more theoretical workshop (28th Jan – 2nd Feb, 2019) followed by three days of more practical training (3rd – 5th Feb) as a follow-up to the classroom workshop. Jim Enright, Dominic Wodehouse and Jaruwan ‘Ning’ Enright from MAP were the trainers for the participants selected by Wetlands International Africa (WIA), from the Tanzanian Forest Service, local NGOs and community-based organisations (CBOs), as well as representatives from Kenya, Mozambique and Madagascar. This training was part of the capacity building element of WIA’s ‘Mangrove Capital Africa’ program. The hugely important Rufiji Delta has the largest expanse of mangrove forest in East Africa but are still being heavily degraded from agriculture developments for rice and over exploitation for poles and timber. The objectives of the trainings would find sustainable conservation solutions and scenarios for the the declining coastal forests with local communities. READ MORE

AFRICA

Mangrove forest communities in Rufiji Delta trained on an alternative approach to mangrove restoration.
Tanzania mangrove replant
TANZANIA - Mangrove restoration is not just planting one or two mangrove species in straight lines – it’s much more complex than that. To demystify this, together with Mangrove Action Project (MAP), Wetlands International undertook a Community-Based Ecological Mangrove Restoration (CBEMR) training for 28 participants in Kibiti, Rufiji Delta, Tanzania. All too frequently, restoration projects move straight into building a mangrove nursery and planting before understanding the issues related to the project site. These projects often fail. CBEMR supports a holistic, science-based approach that encourages practitioners to mitigate mangrove stressors and facilitate natural mangrove regeneration. This is achieved by working with the local communities to understand all social and technical challenges affecting the restoration site, including site hydrology, soil elevation relative to sea level, pressures on the mangroves and why a site is not naturally regenerating. CBEMR avoids the costs and necessity of building a nursery and planting, as natural regeneration encourages all the species in the locality to find their appropriate sites. CBEMR is an adaptable process, allowing mangrove workers to take on all sorts of different challenges, such as very high salinity in the Saloum Delta, Senegal; grazing pressure in Rakhine State, Myanmar; or encroachment for rice farming within the Rufiji Delta. READ MORE

Map of Mangrove Height Reveals Carbon-rich Coastal Forests
Mangrove_forest
GABON - Lola Fatoyinbo had studied mangroves -- the nearly impenetrable tangled-trunk forests that fringe warm coastlines worldwide -- for almost a decade, and was pretty sure that the trees topped out around 45 meters high -- roughly the height of the Statue of Liberty without her pedestal. So, when Fatoyinbo, an ecologist at NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland, heard in 2011 about mangrove trees in the Central African nation of Gabon that were more than 10 meters taller, she knew she had to visit. Mangroves pack away massive amounts of carbon, both in their woody trunks and in the soil where their roots decay. The trees and soil contain more carbon per acre than tropical rainforests. And because the stored carbon can stay out of the atmosphere for many decades, environmentalists have long hoped that protecting mangrove forests could help slow climate change while the world gets a handle on fossil fuel emissions. Fatoyinbo got a grant to travel to Gabon to gather on-the-ground data about the ability of the mangroves there to store carbon. She and her colleagues hired a motorboat to take them up an estuary into Pongara National Park. Dense, crisscrossing roots emerged from the shallow brown water, which teemed with crabs and fish. READ MORE

ASIA

Women lead community response to coal plant development, as fishing community faces massive relocation
Women Protesters
THAILAND - Women in Pattani Province are rising to oppose a planned coal-fired power plant with potentially serious environmental and health impacts for their families and the Pattani Bay community. As plans for the planned Thepha coal-fired power plant move forward, women groups are joining academics, local community members, and environmental and civil society groups in Pattani Bay, southern Thailand, to oppose the plant’s construction. The group is concerned by the threat that the planned plant poses to the bay’s marine resources, which many community members depend on. Women play a significant role in the local fishing industry and rely on Pattani Bay for nutrient-rich foods to feed their families. Lamai Manakarn, an activist from the Pattani Southern Border Province, said that the developers of the planned Thepa coal plan declared “that coal and this coal plant project are clean energy and safe for us.”READ MORE

Editors Note: For more on this story, please listen to this podcast featuring MAP Advisor Ian Baird LISTEN HERE
Unprecedented wave of new dams could spell disaster far beyond Laos
Laos Dams
LAOS - The scale of the catastrophe in Laos is still unclear. Dozens could be dead, killed by the man-made flash floods that swept through their villages after the collapse of a dam under construction in Attapeu province in southern Laos. Thousands are homeless, their villages and livelihoods destroyed. It is a tragic reminder of the inherent risks of major dam projects — just as the world finds itself in the middle of a headlong rush for hydropower as countries seek to produce extra energy while reducing carbon emissions. From the Amazon to Zambia, thousands of new hydropower projects are under construction or on the drawing board. Maps show rivers across the Balkans and Himalayas smothered in planned dams. Governments and developers talk excitedly about the energy that could be generated, the jobs created. Meanwhile, risks and costs are invariably downplayed, and community and environmental concerns often disregarded — give or take the usual rhetoric about ‘consultation and impact mitigation’. READ MORE

Community Forest Bill won't benefit all, campaigners say
Community Forest
THAILAND - The Community Forest Bill aims to give villagers more say in managing natural resources but is too limited in its scope and risks further marginalising those living outside areas covered by the act, land campaigners said on Thursday. The bill, first drafted almost 30 years ago, was approved by the National Legislative Assembly on Friday, according to forestry department officials, and is expected to become law within 180 days. The bill defines community forests as those that sit outside conservation areas managed by the state, and allows villagers living in these forests to use and manage its resources after they have registered their communities with the government. "For the first time, there is legal recognition of the right of local communities to manage their forests, so this is significant," said Warangkana Rattanarat, country director at the Centre for People and Forests (RECOFTC). "But the bill limits community forests to those in reserved forests and not those in conservation areas such as national parks, so it does not benefit all forest-dependent communities," she told the Thomson Reuters Foundation. READ MORE

AMERICAS

Saving the World’s Largest Tropical Wetland
Brazil's Wetland
BRAZIL - Most people have heard of the Amazon, South America’s famed rainforest and hub of biological diversity. Less well known, though no less critical, is the Pantanal, the world’s largest tropical wetland. Like the Amazon, the Pantanal is ecologically important and imperiled. Located primarily in Brazil, it also stretches into neighboring Bolivia and Paraguay. Covering an area larger than England at more than 70,000 square miles, the massive wetland provides irreplaceable ecosystem services that include the regulation of floodwaters, nutrient renewal, river flow for navigability, groundwater recharge and carbon sequestration. The wetland also supports the economies of the four South American states it covers. But as I learned working on a recent research project with the environmental nonprofit WWF, a combination of climate change, new development, expanding agriculture, urban growth and pollution are poised to transform this vast wetland — bringing drastic consequences for the environment, wildlife and millions of people who depend on the Pantanal’s natural hydrology. READ MORE

How a dead humpback whale ended up in a mangrove forest
Whale in the Mangroves
BRAZIL — When local fishermen were walking through a mangrove forest in Brazil, they came across something that shouldn’t be there: the carcass of a humpback whale. The baby whale was likely lost at sea and died of starvation or some other unknown cause, according to nonprofit research group Bicho D’agua. The tides washed the whale’s body to shore at Araruna Beach in the city of Soure, said Bicho D’agua oceanographer Maura Sousa. It’s located on the island of Marajó, which sits at the mouth of the Amazon River. “During this season, the tide normally rises twice a day to almost 4 meters (13 feet) and floods the mangrove forest, bringing lots of trash, including trash from ships from a lot of places in the world,” Sousa said. READ MORE

OCEANA

New study finds link between forest conservation and coral reef preservation
Coral Reef
AUSTRALIA - With over 90 percent of the Great Barrier Reef already damaged, and large percentages of coral reefs worldwide faring the same, the future doesn’t look promising for these stony polyps. Climate change has pervasive impacts on all of Earth’s ecosystems — especially on the coral reefs of the world. It causes ocean warming, which bleaches corals since they can only survive in a small range of temperatures over a long period of time. It also alters precipitation patterns, and that increases the amount of sediment and land-based pollutant runoff into the ocean — another threat to coral reefs. However, scientists are continuing to look for solutions to prevent further loss of reefs and even reverse the negative impacts of climate change on them. One such solution has been proposed by researchers at the University of Hawaii at Manoa and the Wildlife Conservation Society who have found a link between forest conservation and coral reef preservation. READ MORE

GLOBAL

Global action to save mangroves: the Global Mangrove Alliance
GMA-Mangrove-Map
GLOBAL -In January 2019, mangrove specialists of the Global Mangrove Alliance from all over the world came together to discuss approaches to save the world’s mangroves. Wetlands International was represented involving colleagues from the Philippines, Indonesia, Kenya, Senegal, Panama, and the Global Office. In this blog, I will share my personal experiences and the most important outcomes of the meeting. Mangroves occur along tropical coastlines and are considered one of the most important ecosystems for nature and people. They are havens for biodiversity, provide rich fisheries resources and protect communities against storms and erosion. They also regulate our climate by sequestering and storing large amounts of carbon. However, worldwide mangroves are under threat from large scale infrastructure development and expansion of agriculture and aquaculture. As more and more people live along our coasts these pressures increase rapidly. To save our mangroves for future generations, it is crucial to work together. READ MORE

The world’s cities rely on the world’s wetlands.
Wetland Cities
GLOBAL - One half the world’s population live in cities. And, 1.4 million more people flood into our rapidly expanding urban areas every week — energizing their economies, but also straining their services and sustainability. And population increases also result in significant land use change, which often heightens the risk from natural disasters. Today as we mark World Cities Day, Venice — one of the world’s most iconic cities, which has water at its heart — is being swamped by the worst floods in a decade. In recent years, catastrophic floods have hit cities on all continents. Yet, while many cities have experienced flooding, others have faced unprecedented droughts and severe water shortages. Over the past ten years, natural disasters have affected more than 220 million people and caused US$100 billion worth of economic damage per year. Without urgent efforts and significant investment to make cities more resilient, natural disasters — intensified by climate change — could cost cities three times as much by 2030, while devastating the lives of tens of millions more people. READ MORE

LAST WORD

Dear Reader, 

We are sending you the “Call for papers” for the June 2019 edition of Nature & Faune journal (Volume 33, Issue 1) on the theme “The central role of biodiversity, protected areas and wildlife in sustainable development of Africa”.

Kindly disseminate the attached English version of the “Call for papers” to your network. 

With regards,

Mrs. Ada Ndeso-Atanga
Technical Editing & Publications Specialist
Nature & Faune Journal
RAFT Natural resources – Fisheries – Forestry
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)
FAO Regional Office for Africa
P.O. Box GP 1628, Accra, Ghana

Email: nature-faune@fao.org
Email: Ada.Ndesoatanga@fao.org
Tel.: +233 (0) 302 610930 Ext. 41605
Cellular phone #: 233-208 175 145
233-277 358 482
233 246 889 567 (also on WhatsApp)
Skype: Adayes22 
Website : http://www.fao.org/africa/resources/nature-faune/en/


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Tanzania CBEMR
Community Based Ecological Mangrove Restoration in Rufiji Delta 
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ACTION ALERT


Halt further destruction of primary mangrove forests in the Maldives. We are urging you to write letters to the recently elected president of the Maldives and his environmental minister View Sample letter

Save Pulau Kukup National Park - second largest mangrove island in the world. Sign The Petition

Video: Mangroves for the Future - A look bacK. 
As the latest phase of Mangroves for the Future (MFF) draws to a close, this video highlights some of the project’s most successful initiatives – from local women supporting national park management in Viet Nam to an island in the Maldives that has become a model for waste management, and everything in between. View Here

Making the case for Emergency Climate Change Action

Mapping Mangroves
Counting Mangroves

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Placencia mangrove workshop teacher's poem

Volunteer with MAP - LEARN MORE

Watch Children's Mangrove Art Calendar Promo 2019 Click Here

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MAP 2019 Children’s Calendar available now  CLICK HERE

You can help ensure that the knowledge and skills needed to conserve and restore mangroves is preserved in coastal communities READ MORE

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MANGROVE ISSUES 

Want to learn more about mangroves?mangrove-action-project-presentation-1-1024.jpg?cb=1424228039
Our short presentation will give you a better understanding of the issues we are working to solve. WATCH PRESENTATION

What is CBEMR? Easy to follow fact sheet – CLICK HERE

What is EPIC? - The Ecosystems Protecting Infrastructure and Communities (EPIC) project:  the role of ecosystems as protective barriers against climate induced hazards

MANGROVES APP AVAILABLE
A pictorial field guide for easy identification of various mangrove species and learning about the mangroves ecosystem. CLICK HERE
View MAP’s uploaded Videos at MAPmangrover’sChannel
Question Your Shrimp Consumer/Markets Campaign!  
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Mangrove Restoration in Asia – Watch Short Video

The Value of Mangrove Forests View Video

CBEMR Experience Exchange MAP 2017 English Subtitles
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Mangroves: Guidebook to MalaysiaClick Here
 
Mangrove rehabilitation in Asia – Local Action and cross-border Transfer of Knowledge for the Conservation of Climate, Forests and Biodiversity VIEW VIDEOS HERE
SHARE MAP'S VISION 
CLICK HERE to watch short introductory video. Together we can work "at the roots of the sea".
Our short documentary, Reducing the Risk of Disaster through Nature-Based Solutions : Mangroves
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Exclusive Interview with Alfredo Quarto, Co-Founder and Executive Director of Mangrove Action Project - See more

Marvellous Mangroves Curriculum

The Marvellous Mangroves Education Forum is an online hub for those utilizing the Marvellous Mangroves (MM) Curriculum. It gives students, teachers and anyone interested in mangroves, the opportunity to learn and share ideas themed around the curriculum, to connect and communicate with others around the globe whilst exploring mangroves from your computer or on the go. VISIT

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The award-winning Marvellous Mangroves (MM) curriculum educates children on the importance of mangroves and their ecological functions, teaching them about modern challenges and mechanisms for sustainability. VIEW VIDEO

Marvellous Mangroves Curriculum in Bangladesh - WATCH VIDEO
MARVELLOUS MANGROVES IN BRAZIL
En Portuges

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Marvellous Mangroves – A Curriculum-Based Teachers Guide.


FOR MORE ON MAPs AWARD WINNING CHINA MANGROVE CURRICULUM VISIT
Education in the Mangroves - China
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Check out our presentation for more details on Marvellous Mangroves

Read this 10 page history of the development of MAP’s educational curriculum VIEW DOCUMENT
 
Article in Canada's Green Teacher Magazine - Read More

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It’s the action, not the fruit of the action, that's important. You have to do the right thing. It may not be in your power, may not be in your time, that there'll be any fruit. But that doesn't mean you stop doing the right thing. You may never know what results come from your action. But if you do nothing, there will be no result. —Mahatma Gandhi

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 Volunteer Opportunities with Mangrove Action Project CLICK HERE

"Question Your Shrimp" Campaign

Question Your Shrimp- Don't Buy or Sell Imported Tropical Shrimp! Sign the Petition

Learn more about the affects of the shrimp industry on mangroves by visiting our blog
Editor’s Note: Mangrove Action Project’s Executive Director, Alfredo Quarto was interviewed about shrimp by Green Acre Radio’s Martha Baskin
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Information sheds clear light on shrimp-mangrove connection
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